Nine Signs of Prophet Musa alaihis salam

bismillah

Musa alaihis salam was given Nine Signs through which Allah wanted this great Prophet to guide, inspire and present the truthfulness of Islam and its Prophet to his very own followers and countrymen. The purpose was also to present Allah’s greatness to the arrogant people of Musa’s time.  Continue reading

Surah Al Qariah

Surah Al Qariah
(The Sudden Striker)

     In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

  1. The sudden striker.
  2. What is the sudden striker?
  3. What will make you know what the sudden striker is?
  4. It is a Day when men will be like moths scattered,
  5. And the mountains will be like carded wool.
  6. Then, he whose scales will be heavy,
  7. Will enjoy a pleasant life.
  8. And he whose scales will be light,
  9. Will have his home in a pit.
  10. And what will make you know what that (pit) will be?
  11. A hot blazing fire.


1. Vocabulary/Meanings:

1.       The Sudden Striker الْقَارِعَة

2.       Day يَوْمَ  
3.        Menالنَّاسُ
4.        The mountains الْجِبَالُ
5.       Whose  مَنْ 
6.      Heavy     ثَقُلَتْ
7.         Lightخَفَّتْ
8.        His scalesمَوَازِينُهُ
9.      A life  عِيشَةٍ
10.    Satisfied/Pleasant  رَاضِيَةٍ
11.    What it is مَا هِيَهْ
12.   Pitهَاوِيَةٌ 
13.  Fire      نَارٌ
    2. Question and Answers:

    1. What is referred to as ‘the sudden striker’?
    The Day of Resurrection is referred to as ‘the sudden striker’.

    2. What will happen on the Day of Judgement?
    On that Day, people will be scattered like moths and the mountains will be like carded wool.

    3. What will be the state of the people whose “scales will be heavy”?
    People whose scales of good deeds will be heavy, will enjoy a pleasant and satisfied life.

    4. What will be the state of the people whose “scales will be light”?
    People whose scales of good deeds will be light, will find their home in a pit.

    5. What is the pit made of?
    It is made of a hot blazing fire.

    6. What lesson do you draw from the Surah al Qariah?
    The Day of Judgement is sure to come. We should live in this world by doing good deeds so that we can enjoy a pleasant life in Paradise.
    III. Learn the Surah al Qariah by heart.    

    ISLAM AND THE WORLD

    1. Who was Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi? What is his contribution to the various fields of Mathematics?
    He was one of the greatest Muslim mathematicians. He was the originator of the science of algebra and his contribution to mathematics is indeed great. It was through his works that the West became aware of the Arabic numerals called algorithms after him.
    2. What was the name of the person who invented the first computing machine? What is his contribution to the science of numbers?
    The name of the person who invented the first computing machine was Ghayath-ud-din Jamshid al-Kshani. He was the mathematician who invented the system of decimal fraction.
    3. What new contributions did the Muslims make to the fields of geometry and navigation?
    In the field of geometry, the Muslims studied classical Greek works and made new contributions to it by solving many of the geometrical problems, which had baffled the earlier scientists. They established relationships between algebra and geometry and solved a number of algebraic problems.
    In the field of navigation, the Muslims spread the use of astrolable for sailors, and they drew up some of the first and the most accurate astronomical tables.
    4. Give brief account of the Muslim travelers? Which is the most outstanding and the popular of the ‘Travels”?
    Muslim traders and geographers traveled extensively during the 7th and the 9th centuries A.D. and reached as far as China and Russia. The accounts of Sulayman at-Tajir and Ahmed ibn Fadlan tell us some of the interesting things about China and Russia.
    The most outstanding and the popular of the ‘Travels” is the “Travels of Ibn Battutah”.
    5. Mention some of the words that have come to the English language from Arabic.
    Some of the words that have come to the English language from Arabic are as follows:
    Algebra, shawl, divan, coffee, chemistry, syrup, saffron, crimson, sugar and zero.
    WRITE SHORT NOTES ON:
    1. THE CITY OF CORDOBA DURING MUSLIMS
    It was the capital city of Muslim Andalusia (Spain). Cordoba in Spain was as large as Baghdad. It had handsome palaces, mosques, libraries, schools and gardens of great splendour. The streets of Cordoba were paved and lit with lamps. The city enjoyed a constant supply of fresh water. Dense groves surrounded the city. There were as many as 50 hospitals and 600 mosques. This speaks greatly of the Muslim contribution to the development of the city and the country at large.
    2.  THE GREAT MOSQUE AT CORDOBA:
    The most wonderful of all the mosques of Spain was the great mosque of Cordoba. The mosque had 1293 columns to support its roof. Chandeliers illuminated the building; one chandelier holding a thousand lights, the small ones twelve. Special kind of bronze plates were used in the making of its doors. The central gate had gold plates fixed to it. The coloured marbles, the gleam of gold, the rich educations made the mosque the most charming masterpiece of Muslim architecture.
    3. UMAR AL-KHAYYAM:
    Umar al Khayyam who is popularly known as the Persian poet to the world, was in fact a great mathematician and an astronomer. He was one of the Muslim mathematicians who established relationships between algebra and geometry. He solved many algebraic problems and wrote many books of mathematics. He was the authority in the field of geometry.

    BILAL BIN RABAH رضي الله عنه


    SUCH WERE THE PROPHET’S COMPANIONS
    BILAL BIN RABAH رضي الله عنه
    1. Who was Bilal bin Rabah (R.A)?
    Popularly known as the Prophet’s mu’azzin, Bilal (R.A) was one of the seven early persons who accepted Islam.
    2. What was his mother called?
    His mother was Hamama.
    3. Who was Abu Dharr al-Ghifari?
    He was one the noble companions of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)
    4. Why did Umayyah bin Khalaf treat Bilal (R.A) so cruelly?
    Umayyah bin Khalaf treated Bilal (R.A) so cruelly because the latter had embraced Islam.
    5. Describe how Umayyah bin Khalaf persecuted Bilal.
    Umayyah bin Khalaf used to bring Bilal (R.A) out in the scorching sun, throw him on the burning sand on the back and have a huge stone placed on his chest.
    6. How did Bilal become free?
    Bilal (R.A), who was a slave of Umayyah,  was bought by Abu Bakr (R.A) and set him free.
    7. How can you say that Bilal (R.A) was a very brave fighter?
    Had it been otherwise Bilal would not have tolerated the bitter persecution at the hands of Umayyah bin Khalaf.
    8. How did Bilal (R.A) came to be known as the Propher’s Mu’azzin?
    When Allah honoured Muslims with the gift of Azan, the Prophet (pbuh) commanded Bilal (R.A) to deliver Azan from the Masjidun Nabwi. Thus Bilal came to be known as the Prophet’s mu’azzin.
    9. Why did Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) say to Abu Dharr once that he was still a man belonging to the pagan times?
    Abu Dharr once spoke bad about Bilal (R.A) and called him ‘the son of a black woman’.
    10. What was its effect on him? Why?
    It had a deep effect on him as he began to realize his mistake. This was because he was a faithful Muslim and was of a very sensitive temperament.
    11. What lesson should be learn from this incident?
    We should realize that the colour of man’s skin is not important. What distinguishes a man from a man is not the colour but the Faith and righteous conduct.
    12. Bilal (R.A) was a person pure of heart and very truthful. Can you quote an incident from his life to prove this statement.
    Once Abu Ruwaiha requested Bilal to speak for him to the family of a Yemeni woman who Abu Ruwaiha desired to marry. Bilal went and said to them, “I am Bilal bin Rabah. Abu Ruwaiha is my brother but he lacks good manners. It is your choice whether to marry your daughter to him or not”. Bilal (R.A) did not deceive by hiding the fact. He was conscious of Allah. This incident proves that Bilal (R.A) was a man of pure heart.
    WRITE SHORT NOTES ON:
    BILAL BIN RABAH – THE MU’AZZIN OF THE PROPHET (Peace be upon him)
    Popularly known as the Prophet’s mu’azzin, Bilal (R.A) was one of the seven early persons who accepted Islam.  He was of Abyssinian descent. His mother was Hamama. He was a slave of Umayyah bin Khalaf.
    Umayyah bin Khalaf used to bring Bilal (R.A) out in the scorching sun, throw him on the burning sand on the back and have a huge stone placed on his chest.; then he would say to him: You will stay here till you die or deny what Muhammad teaches you. In reply, Bilal would only say: One, One.
    He was bought by Abu Bakr (R.A) who set him free.
    When Allah honoured Muslims with the gift of Azan, the Prophet (pbuh) commanded Bilal (R.A) to deliver Azan from the Masjidun Nabwi. Thus Bilal came to be known as the Prophet’s mu’azzin

    KHADIJAH رضي الله عنها – MOTHER OF THE FAITHFUL

    1. Who was Khadijatul Kubra رضي الله عنها ? What was her mother’s name?
    Khadijatul Kubra (R.A) was the daughter of Khuwaylid bin Asad. She was a beloved wife of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Her mother’s name was Fathima bint Za’idah.
    2. Who was Hala رضي الله عنها ?
     She was a sister of Khadijatul Kubra رضي الله عنها
    3. Who was Abul A’s?
    He was a son of Hala رضي الله عنها who was one of the important men of Makkah in wealth and dignity.
    4. Khadijah رضي الله عنها ran a large trade of her own. Explain.
    Khadijah رضي الله عنها was the most successful tradeswoman of her times. She ran a large trade of her own. This is evident from the fact that she had many employees working under her. Her business was so thriving that she used to take men to carry things to Syria for sale.
    5. Why did Khadijah رضي الله عنها who had refused the offer of marriage from many of the noblemen, offer herself in marriage to the Prophet?
    Khadijah رضي الله عنها who had refused the offer of marriage from many of the noblemen, offered herself in marriage to Muhammad (peace be upon him) because of his honest, truthful and gentle character.
    6. When did the marriage take place?
    The marriage took place in the year 596 A.D.
    7.  How many children had the Prophet by her?
    The Prophet (Peace be upon him) had six children by her.
    8. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) ever retained his affection for Khadijah رضي الله عنها Give facts in support of your answer.
    His love and affection for Khadijah رضي الله عنها  is evident from the following fact:
    It was the practice of the Prophet (peace be upon him) after her death,  whenever a sheep or a goat would be slaughtered, he would send pieces of them as presents to Khadijah’s female friends. He would then praise her and say she has so and so, and that he had children by her.