Nine Signs of Prophet Musa alaihis salam

bismillah

Musa alaihis salam was given Nine Signs through which Allah wanted this great Prophet to guide, inspire and present the truthfulness of Islam and its Prophet to his very own followers and countrymen. The purpose was also to present Allah’s greatness to the arrogant people of Musa’s time.  Continue reading

Surah Al Qariah

Surah Al Qariah
(The Sudden Striker)

     In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

  1. The sudden striker.
  2. What is the sudden striker?
  3. What will make you know what the sudden striker is?
  4. It is a Day when men will be like moths scattered,
  5. And the mountains will be like carded wool.
  6. Then, he whose scales will be heavy,
  7. Will enjoy a pleasant life.
  8. And he whose scales will be light,
  9. Will have his home in a pit.
  10. And what will make you know what that (pit) will be?
  11. A hot blazing fire.


1. Vocabulary/Meanings:

1.       The Sudden Striker الْقَارِعَة

2.       Day يَوْمَ  
3.        Menالنَّاسُ
4.        The mountains الْجِبَالُ
5.       Whose  مَنْ 
6.      Heavy     ثَقُلَتْ
7.         Lightخَفَّتْ
8.        His scalesمَوَازِينُهُ
9.      A life  عِيشَةٍ
10.    Satisfied/Pleasant  رَاضِيَةٍ
11.    What it is مَا هِيَهْ
12.   Pitهَاوِيَةٌ 
13.  Fire      نَارٌ
    2. Question and Answers:

    1. What is referred to as ‘the sudden striker’?
    The Day of Resurrection is referred to as ‘the sudden striker’.

    2. What will happen on the Day of Judgement?
    On that Day, people will be scattered like moths and the mountains will be like carded wool.

    3. What will be the state of the people whose “scales will be heavy”?
    People whose scales of good deeds will be heavy, will enjoy a pleasant and satisfied life.

    4. What will be the state of the people whose “scales will be light”?
    People whose scales of good deeds will be light, will find their home in a pit.

    5. What is the pit made of?
    It is made of a hot blazing fire.

    6. What lesson do you draw from the Surah al Qariah?
    The Day of Judgement is sure to come. We should live in this world by doing good deeds so that we can enjoy a pleasant life in Paradise.
    III. Learn the Surah al Qariah by heart.    

    ISLAM AND THE WORLD

    1. Who was Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi? What is his contribution to the various fields of Mathematics?
    He was one of the greatest Muslim mathematicians. He was the originator of the science of algebra and his contribution to mathematics is indeed great. It was through his works that the West became aware of the Arabic numerals called algorithms after him.
    2. What was the name of the person who invented the first computing machine? What is his contribution to the science of numbers?
    The name of the person who invented the first computing machine was Ghayath-ud-din Jamshid al-Kshani. He was the mathematician who invented the system of decimal fraction.
    3. What new contributions did the Muslims make to the fields of geometry and navigation?
    In the field of geometry, the Muslims studied classical Greek works and made new contributions to it by solving many of the geometrical problems, which had baffled the earlier scientists. They established relationships between algebra and geometry and solved a number of algebraic problems.
    In the field of navigation, the Muslims spread the use of astrolable for sailors, and they drew up some of the first and the most accurate astronomical tables.
    4. Give brief account of the Muslim travelers? Which is the most outstanding and the popular of the ‘Travels”?
    Muslim traders and geographers traveled extensively during the 7th and the 9th centuries A.D. and reached as far as China and Russia. The accounts of Sulayman at-Tajir and Ahmed ibn Fadlan tell us some of the interesting things about China and Russia.
    The most outstanding and the popular of the ‘Travels” is the “Travels of Ibn Battutah”.
    5. Mention some of the words that have come to the English language from Arabic.
    Some of the words that have come to the English language from Arabic are as follows:
    Algebra, shawl, divan, coffee, chemistry, syrup, saffron, crimson, sugar and zero.
    WRITE SHORT NOTES ON:
    1. THE CITY OF CORDOBA DURING MUSLIMS
    It was the capital city of Muslim Andalusia (Spain). Cordoba in Spain was as large as Baghdad. It had handsome palaces, mosques, libraries, schools and gardens of great splendour. The streets of Cordoba were paved and lit with lamps. The city enjoyed a constant supply of fresh water. Dense groves surrounded the city. There were as many as 50 hospitals and 600 mosques. This speaks greatly of the Muslim contribution to the development of the city and the country at large.
    2.  THE GREAT MOSQUE AT CORDOBA:
    The most wonderful of all the mosques of Spain was the great mosque of Cordoba. The mosque had 1293 columns to support its roof. Chandeliers illuminated the building; one chandelier holding a thousand lights, the small ones twelve. Special kind of bronze plates were used in the making of its doors. The central gate had gold plates fixed to it. The coloured marbles, the gleam of gold, the rich educations made the mosque the most charming masterpiece of Muslim architecture.
    3. UMAR AL-KHAYYAM:
    Umar al Khayyam who is popularly known as the Persian poet to the world, was in fact a great mathematician and an astronomer. He was one of the Muslim mathematicians who established relationships between algebra and geometry. He solved many algebraic problems and wrote many books of mathematics. He was the authority in the field of geometry.

    BILAL BIN RABAH رضي الله عنه


    SUCH WERE THE PROPHET’S COMPANIONS
    BILAL BIN RABAH رضي الله عنه
    1. Who was Bilal bin Rabah (R.A)?
    Popularly known as the Prophet’s mu’azzin, Bilal (R.A) was one of the seven early persons who accepted Islam.
    2. What was his mother called?
    His mother was Hamama.
    3. Who was Abu Dharr al-Ghifari?
    He was one the noble companions of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)
    4. Why did Umayyah bin Khalaf treat Bilal (R.A) so cruelly?
    Umayyah bin Khalaf treated Bilal (R.A) so cruelly because the latter had embraced Islam.
    5. Describe how Umayyah bin Khalaf persecuted Bilal.
    Umayyah bin Khalaf used to bring Bilal (R.A) out in the scorching sun, throw him on the burning sand on the back and have a huge stone placed on his chest.
    6. How did Bilal become free?
    Bilal (R.A), who was a slave of Umayyah,  was bought by Abu Bakr (R.A) and set him free.
    7. How can you say that Bilal (R.A) was a very brave fighter?
    Had it been otherwise Bilal would not have tolerated the bitter persecution at the hands of Umayyah bin Khalaf.
    8. How did Bilal (R.A) came to be known as the Propher’s Mu’azzin?
    When Allah honoured Muslims with the gift of Azan, the Prophet (pbuh) commanded Bilal (R.A) to deliver Azan from the Masjidun Nabwi. Thus Bilal came to be known as the Prophet’s mu’azzin.
    9. Why did Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) say to Abu Dharr once that he was still a man belonging to the pagan times?
    Abu Dharr once spoke bad about Bilal (R.A) and called him ‘the son of a black woman’.
    10. What was its effect on him? Why?
    It had a deep effect on him as he began to realize his mistake. This was because he was a faithful Muslim and was of a very sensitive temperament.
    11. What lesson should be learn from this incident?
    We should realize that the colour of man’s skin is not important. What distinguishes a man from a man is not the colour but the Faith and righteous conduct.
    12. Bilal (R.A) was a person pure of heart and very truthful. Can you quote an incident from his life to prove this statement.
    Once Abu Ruwaiha requested Bilal to speak for him to the family of a Yemeni woman who Abu Ruwaiha desired to marry. Bilal went and said to them, “I am Bilal bin Rabah. Abu Ruwaiha is my brother but he lacks good manners. It is your choice whether to marry your daughter to him or not”. Bilal (R.A) did not deceive by hiding the fact. He was conscious of Allah. This incident proves that Bilal (R.A) was a man of pure heart.
    WRITE SHORT NOTES ON:
    BILAL BIN RABAH – THE MU’AZZIN OF THE PROPHET (Peace be upon him)
    Popularly known as the Prophet’s mu’azzin, Bilal (R.A) was one of the seven early persons who accepted Islam.  He was of Abyssinian descent. His mother was Hamama. He was a slave of Umayyah bin Khalaf.
    Umayyah bin Khalaf used to bring Bilal (R.A) out in the scorching sun, throw him on the burning sand on the back and have a huge stone placed on his chest.; then he would say to him: You will stay here till you die or deny what Muhammad teaches you. In reply, Bilal would only say: One, One.
    He was bought by Abu Bakr (R.A) who set him free.
    When Allah honoured Muslims with the gift of Azan, the Prophet (pbuh) commanded Bilal (R.A) to deliver Azan from the Masjidun Nabwi. Thus Bilal came to be known as the Prophet’s mu’azzin

    KHADIJAH رضي الله عنها – MOTHER OF THE FAITHFUL

    1. Who was Khadijatul Kubra رضي الله عنها ? What was her mother’s name?
    Khadijatul Kubra (R.A) was the daughter of Khuwaylid bin Asad. She was a beloved wife of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Her mother’s name was Fathima bint Za’idah.
    2. Who was Hala رضي الله عنها ?
     She was a sister of Khadijatul Kubra رضي الله عنها
    3. Who was Abul A’s?
    He was a son of Hala رضي الله عنها who was one of the important men of Makkah in wealth and dignity.
    4. Khadijah رضي الله عنها ran a large trade of her own. Explain.
    Khadijah رضي الله عنها was the most successful tradeswoman of her times. She ran a large trade of her own. This is evident from the fact that she had many employees working under her. Her business was so thriving that she used to take men to carry things to Syria for sale.
    5. Why did Khadijah رضي الله عنها who had refused the offer of marriage from many of the noblemen, offer herself in marriage to the Prophet?
    Khadijah رضي الله عنها who had refused the offer of marriage from many of the noblemen, offered herself in marriage to Muhammad (peace be upon him) because of his honest, truthful and gentle character.
    6. When did the marriage take place?
    The marriage took place in the year 596 A.D.
    7.  How many children had the Prophet by her?
    The Prophet (Peace be upon him) had six children by her.
    8. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) ever retained his affection for Khadijah رضي الله عنها Give facts in support of your answer.
    His love and affection for Khadijah رضي الله عنها  is evident from the following fact:
    It was the practice of the Prophet (peace be upon him) after her death,  whenever a sheep or a goat would be slaughtered, he would send pieces of them as presents to Khadijah’s female friends. He would then praise her and say she has so and so, and that he had children by her.

    Prophet Musa (Peace be upon him) – Part 6

    1. Why did once Allah rebuke Musa?
    Allah rebuked Musa because he once asserted that he was the wisest of all men.
    2. What was Musa told through a revelation?
    Through revelation, Allah told that his pious servant (Al-khidr) who was living at the junction of the two seas was far superior to him in wisdom.
    3. What did Allah command Musa to do when he expressed his eagerness to see
    Al-Khidr?
    When Musa expressed his eagerness to see Al-Khidr, Allah commanded him to take a fish in a basket, and proceed on a journey until the fish disappears.
    4. What does Al-Khidr mean?
    Al-Khidr means ‘the Green One’.
    5. Where did the fish vanish? When did Musa come to know about it?
    The fish vanished at a rock where Musa was taking rest.
    Musa came to know about it the next day morning.
    6. On what condition did Al-Khidr agree to teach Musa the special knowledge?
    Al-Khidr agreed to teach Musa the special knowledge on the condition that he should not say or ask anything.
    7. Was Musa able to bear the various events with patience?
    No, Musa was not able to bear the various events with patience.
    8. What did Al-Khidr do in one of the panels of the boat?
    He made a hole in one of the panels of the boat. 
    9. Which second act of Al-Khidr did surprise Musa a great deal?
    The act of Al-Khidr killing a boy surprised Musa a great deal.
    10. How did Al-Khidr explain himself for all his strange acts?
    Al-Khidr explained to Musa that all his strange acts were done as he was inspired by Allah to do.
    11. Did the Israelites after Musa, deserve their punishment? Why?
    Yes, the Israelites deserve their punishment even after Musa because their evil deeds and ungratefulness were of the worst kind.

    SADAQAH AND ZAKAH

    1. What did the righteous man usually do at the time of the harvest?
    At the time of the harvest, he used to give fruits to the poor and the needy quite generously.


    2. What change occurred when the fruit-garden passed into the hands of his sons? 
    Unlike their father, the sons were greedy and thought that it was foolish to give away in alms a huge measure of fruits to the poor and the needy.


    3. When the time for the harvest arrived, they made a secret plan. What secret plan did they make? Why? 
    They decided to pluck all the fruits  in the small hours of the night, before the poor could arrive to ask for their share. The reason for this plan was that they wanted to tell the poor that they did not had any harvest that season.


    4. Why did Allah send down punishment upon them?
    Allah sent down punishment upon them because they wanted to deprive the poor of their share.


    5. What was its effect upon them? 
    They realized their mistake and sought forgiveness from Allah.


    6. The Qur’an is not a book of stories. It is a Book of Guidance. What lesson does the Holy Book want to teach us through the incident of these two men? 
    The moral of this incident is that all the favours we enjoy in this world are from Allah. Allah has made this world for us, but nothing belongs to us. Allah has placed all of us ‘in charge’ of it.


    7. What is the difference between Sadaqah and Zakah? 
    Sadaqah is optional but Zakah is obligatory. Sadaqah is to be given by every Muslim while Zakah is compulsory on the rich. Zakah is one of the five Pillars of Islam while Sadaqah is not. Zakah is to be given once in every year and Sadaqah can be given as many times.


    8. Does it cost to be kind and helpful? Mention various ways in which we can help one another. 
    No, it costs nothing to be kind and helpful. Giving some money to the poor, providing water to the thirsty, visiting the sick person, feeding the hungry are some of the ways in which we can help one another.


    9. What is Zakah? What does Zakah purify? 
    Zakah means ‘purifying dues’. It is one of the five pillars of Islam. Paying of Zakah purifies the wealth. It removes greed and purifies the heart of the person who pays the Zakah.

    10. Is it binding on every Muslim to pay the Zakah? 
    No, it is not binding on every Muslim to pay the Zakah.


    11. What part of wealth is a rich Muslim required to pay in Zakah?
    The amount that a rich Muslim is required to pay in Zakah is 2.5 per cent of his possessions after he has paid or set a sum of money aside for all this necessary debts and obligations.


    12. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was the most generous of all. Discuss. 
    Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) never denied anyone anything. At the beginning of his illness, before his death, the Prophet (peace be upon him) had in his house seven dinars; he feared he might die while some money still lay with him. He, therefore, commanded his relatives to give away that money to the poor. This incident speaks a lot about the generous nature of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

    Prophet Musa (Peace be upon him) – Part 5

    1. What happened when the Israelites reached the shores of the Red Sea?
    When the Israelites reached the shores of the Red Sea, they saw Pharaoh and his great army advancing towards them.
    2. How did Allah rescue them?
    Allah commanded Musa to strike the Red Sea with his staff. Once Musa struck it, the sea divided and the waters rose up like mountains one on either side. Musa and his people crossed the sea unharmed. Thus, Allah rescued them.
    3. What happened to Pharoah and his army?
    They were drowned in the sea.
    4. Discuss how Allah was hospitable to the Israelites on their march through the desert.
        1. Allah commanded the clouds to give them shade
        2. Allah provided them with water gushing forth from the rocks
        3. Allah sent down upon them ready-made food in the form of manna and salwa
        Thus, Allah was hospitable to the Israelites on their march through the desert.
    5. Were the Israelites thankful?
    No, the Israelites were highly ungrateful people.
    6. Describe the cow that was to be sacrificed for the murder.
    It was to be a cow, neither old nor immature, but of an age in-between; bright yellow in colour; a cow not trained to plough the land or to water the fields; free of all faults, without any markings of any other colour.
    7. What lesson should we learn from the great event at the Red Sea?
    We should realize that Allah helps and rescues His true believers even in worst situations; and Allah punishes the unbelievers for their arrogance and wrongdoings even when they are as great as Pharaoh!
    8. Why did the Israelites refuse to enter the Holy Land? What was its result?
    The Israelites refused to enter the Holy Land because they wanted the strong, arrogant people, who were ruling it, to leave. As a result, Allah made them homeless and wanderers.

    Prophet Musa (Peace be upon him) – Part 4

    1. How did Allah show Pharaoh that He alone is the Lord of the Worlds?
    By making Pharaoh’s own wife a believer in the teachings of Musa, Allah showed Pharaoh that He alone is the Lord of the worlds.

    2. ‘These famines and bad years are bad luck which comes from Musa and his people’. 
    Is this statement true? If not, why?
    This statement is not true because in reality Allah wanted Pharaoh to know that the keys of provisions are with Him and not with Pharaoh. That is why Allah caused famine in the land of River Nile which was ruled by Pharaoh, the arrogant.

    3. List the five signs that Allah showed to the Pharaoh and his followers.
          1. Allah sent rain and flood
          2. He sent locusts
          3. An army of lice
          4. The frogs
                5. Blood

    4. Did Pharoah and his people repent and believe?
    Pharaoh and his people neither repented nor believed!

    IDUL-FITR AND IDUL AD’HA: THE FESTIVALS OF ISLAM

    1. When does the Idul Fitr come about? 
    Idul Fitr marks the end of Ramadan. It falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal.

    2. What does the word ‘Idul Fitr’ mean? 
    It means the Festival of Breaking the Fasts of Ramadan.


    3. What do the Muslims generally do, on the 29th of Ramadan, after breaking the fast?
    They cast searching looks into the sky to sight the crescent of the month of Shawwal so that they can prepare themselves for celebrating Idul Fitr.

    4. Where is the Salatul Id usually held? Why? 
    Salatul Id is usually held in open so that thousands of Muslims – men, women and children – may pray at a time.


    5. Are the Azan and the Iqamah delivered for the Salatul Id? 
    No, the Azan and the Iqamah are not delivered for the Salatul Id.


    6. How many Rak’ahs does the Salatul Id consist of? 
    The Salatul Id consists of two Rak’ahs.


    7. What does the Khatib do when the service of the two Rak’ahs is complete?
    When the service of the two Rak’ahs is complete, the Khatib delivers a sermon.


    8. Are there any seats reserved in al-Musalla for important people? 
    As Islam is based on equality of mankind, there are no seats reserved in al-Musalla for important people.


    9. What should one do when the Khatib delivers the sermon? 
    One should listen to the sermon attentively.

    10. Why do the festive days of Idul Fitr and Idul Adha pass through all the seasons? 
    It is because Muslims follow the lunar calendar which is shorter than the Gregorian calendar by elevens days.


    11. When does the time for Salatul Id start? 
    The time for Salatul Id starts when the sun has risen and moved through the sky as high as the length of one spear above the horizon.


    12. Is it Makruh to offer Nawafil in al-Musalla? Why? 
    Yes, it was not the way of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم


    13. How should one prepare oneself for Salatul Id in the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم
    Following the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم the following things should be carried out: 1. To take a bath 2. To clean the teeth with miswak. 3. To put on one’s best clothes, use perfumes, and to do everything to look smart and neat. 4. To eat dates in an odd number before starting for the Idul Fitr prayer, and to eat nothing before going for the Idul Adha prayer. 5. To approach al-Musalla through one way and return through another way. 6. ]To pronounce the Takbir on the way in an undertone.


    14. What is the Zakatul Fitr? 
    Zakatul Fitr means purifying dues paid on ending the fasts of the month of Ramadan.


    15. Is it binding on every Muslim to pay the Zakatul Fitr? 
    Yes, it is binding on every Muslim to pay the Zakatul Fitr.


    16. How much should one pay for the Zakatul Fitr? In what various forms can it be paid? How much does a Sa’ usually measure? 
    For every member of the family one Sa’ of dates or barley should be offered as Zakatul Fitr. It can be paid in the form of a sum of money, dates, wheat, rice, barley, cheese or the usual foods of the country. A Sa’ measures 2176 grams approximately.


    17. What is the Idul Adha? What is the special feature of this Id? Why? 
    Idul Adha is the Festival of Sacrifice. It falls on the tenth of the month of Zul Hijjah. Its special feature is the sacrifice of an animal. It is offered in memory of the twin sacrifice offered by Prophet Ibrahim and Ismail.


    18. Into how many portions is the meat of the sacrificed animal divided? To whom is it given? 
    The meat of the sacrificed animal divided into three portions: one portion is kept for the family. The second is given to the relatives, friends and neighbours. The third portion is given to the poor and the needy.

    SO TAUGHT OUR PROPHET MUHAMMAD صلى الله عليه وسلم

    READ THE FOLLOWING AHADITH AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS THAT FOLLOW:

    1. “THE BEST OF YOU IS HE WHO LEARNS THE QUR’AN AND TEACHES IT TO OTHERS”
    1. Who among the Muslim community is declared the best person according to this Hadith?
    The best person among the Muslim community is he who learns the Qur’an and teaches it to others.

    2. What do you mean by learning the Qur’an?
    Learning the Qur’an means knowing how to read it, understand it, and live by it.

    3. What should one do to become a best Muslim?
    To become a best Muslim, one should first learn how to read the Qur’an, understand it, and make others learn the Qur’an.

    2. “HE WHO HAS NO COMPASSION FOR OUR LITTLE ONES AND DOES NOT OUR OLD ONES, DOES NOT BELONG TO US”.
    1. What do you understand by this Hadith?
    A Muslim cannot be a true Muslim unless he treats the younger ones with kindness and the elder ones with respect.

    2. What two things are emphasised in this Hadith?
    The two things emphasised in this Hadith are:
    1. Showing kindness and compassion to children and young Muslims
    2. Being respectful to the elder Muslims.

    3. “HE TO WHOM PERFUME IS GIVEN SHOULD NOT REFUSE IT, FOR IT IS LIGHT IN WEIGHT AND GOOD IN SMELL”.
    1. What do you understand by this Hadith?
    By this Hadith, we understand that if someone gifts perfume to us we should accept it, and not refuse it.

    2. What two reasons are cited by the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم for which perfume should be accepted as a gift from others?
    The two reasons are: 1) Perfume is light in weight 2) Good in smell

    4. “HE WHO DOES NOT THANK PEOPLE, DOES NOT THANK ALLAH”
    1. What do you understand from this Hadith?
    Being grateful to people is being grateful to Allah.

    2. What does this Hadith tries to inculcate among Muslims?
    This Hadith tries to inculcate among Muslims the feeling of being grateful to people.

    3. “He who does not thank people, does not thank Allah” Explain this Hadith.
    Allah helps us in ways. One way is that He helps us through people. If we are not thankful to the people who help us, it is as though we are not thankful to Allah.

    5. “ALLAH IS NOT MERCIFUL TO HIM, WHO IS NOT MERCIFUL TO PEOPLE”.
    1. What should we do if we want Allah to be Merciful to us?
    If we want Allah to be Kind and Merciful to us, then we should be kind and merciful to people.

    2. What character does this Hadith tries to inculcate in us?
    This Hadith tells us to adopt the character of being humble, kind and merciful to others, and not to adopt a cruel and unkind nature.

    3. One of the attributes of Allah is that He is ‘The Most Merciful’. Mention its Arabic name. The Arabic name for the Most Merciful is AR RAHMAN.

    6. “IT IS GREAT TREACHERY THAT YOU TELL YOUR BROTHER SOMETHING HE ACCEPTS AS TRUTH FROM YOU, BUT YOU ARE LYING”.
    1. What is treachery? Which act of treachery has the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم referred to as ‘a great treachery’ in this Hadith?
    Treachery is to betray somebody. Telling lies to others in a manner they believe it to be true, is referred as a ‘great treachery’ by the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم in this Hadith.

    2. What have you understood from this Hadith? Highlight some points.
    When we tell something to others, we should tell what is truth. We lie to someone and he takes it to be true. This is a great betrayal in Islam. Never adopt the path of lie and falsehood.

    7. “HE WHO TRULY BELIEVES IN ALLAH AND THE LAST DAY SHOULD SPEAK GOOD OR KEEP SILENT”.
    1. As per this Hadith, what should a true Believer in Allah and the Day of Judgement do?
    A true Believer in Allah and the Day of Judgement speak good or keep silent.

    2. Bring out the purpose behind this Hadith.
    The purpose behind this hadith is to motivate Muslims to adopt truthfulness and to speak good or keep silent. The emphasis is towards guarding one’s tongue.

    8. THE STRONG MAN IS NOT THE ONE WHO IS STRONG IN WRESTLING, BUT THE ONE WHO CONTROLS HIS ANGER”.
    1. “The strong man is not the one who is strong in wrestling, but the one who controls his anger”. Why?
    It is easy to knock down somebody but it is difficult to control one’s own self in the state of anger. This is the reason why the stronger man is the one who controls his anger and not the one who is strong in wrestling.

    2. What should one do if one wants to emerge stronger? If one wants to emerge stronger, one should control oneself in the state of anger.

    9. “IT IS PART OF THE BEAUTY OF MAN’S ISLAM TO LEAVE WHAT DOES NOT CONCERN HIM”.
    1. What is the most beautiful part of a man’s belief in Islam?
    The most beautiful part of a man’s belief in Islam is his leaving away of things that does not concern him.

    2. What do you mean by ‘to leave what does not concern him’?
    It means not to interfere in other’s work, not to poke one’s nose into the affairs of others, and minding one’s own business.

    10. “PRAYER HAS BEEN MADE MY DELIGHT”.
    1. Who said this? This was said by our glorious Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم .

    2. What was the Prophet’s delight?
    Prayer (Salah) was the Prophet’s delight.

    3. “Prayer has been made My delight”. Explain.
    Before, during and after performing Salah, the Prophet used to feel happy. It eased his worries and gave him strength. It brought him peace of mind and contentment of heart. Prayer was his singular source of happiness and delight. He used to say, ‘the coolness of My eyes lies in Salah’.

    11. ONE OF THE THREE THINGS NEVER FAILS TO COME TO A MAN FROM SUPPLICATION (DU’A): EITHER A SIN IS FORGIVEN, OR SOMETHING GOOD COMES HURRIEDLY TO HIM, OR SOMETHING GOOD IS STORED UP FOR HIM”.
    1. What is supplication?
    Supplication is du’a – calling on Allah and Allah only.

    2. What are the three effects of supplication?
    * Forgiveness of a sin
    * Sudden happening of some good thing
    * Something good is kept in reserve for the person

    3. What is the message of this Hadith?
    The message is ‘no supplication (du’a) goes waste’.

    REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH

    1. Why should Allah be worshipped?
    Allah is our Creator. He is Infinite in every Perfection and He Alone deserves to be worshipped. 


    2. Does our worshipping benefit Allah in any way? 
    Allah is above all needs. Our worshipping Allah does not benefit Him in any way.

    3. The more we remember Him, the closer we get to Him. Explain this with the help of the meaning of a Hadith, mentioned in this lesson. 
    The Hadith clearly says that when we remember Allah, Allah not only remembers us but He also gets closer to us. In the Hadith Qudsi, Allah says that ‘if a servant comes to Him walking, He goes to that servant at speed’. It means when we remember Allah and take one step towards Him, He is quicker to respond to our call. The more we remember Him, the closer we get to Him.


    4. What is the effect of the Remembrance of Allah on our lives? 
    Remembrance of Allah brings contentment of heart, liberation from desires and temptations and freedom from fear and sorrow. Above all, it brings the greatest of all rewards: the pleasure of Allah.


    5. Mention the various ways in which we can remember Allah.
    We can remember Allah. by praying, reciting the Qur’an, by obeying Him, by praising or thanking Him, by asking His pardon for the sins, by helping those in need etc.


    6. What is the best expression of remembering Allah? 
    The Prophet said, ‘The best remembrance of Allah is to say La Ilaha Il-lallah’.


    7. What are the two small expressions that are easily said but whose value is great in the sight of Allah? 
    The two small expressions are: Subhanallahi Wa Bihamdihi and Subhanallahil Azeem.


    8. Mention the four dearest expressions to Allah.
    1. Subhanallah – Glory be to Allah
    2. Alhamdulillah – Praise be to Allah
    3. La ilaha il-lallah – There is none worthy of worship but Allah
    4. Allahu Akbar – Allah is the Greatest

    SURAH AL ZILZAAL

    بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ 
    إِذَا زُلْزِلَتِ الأرْضُ زِلْزَالَهَا (١)
    وَأَخْرَجَتِ الأرْضُ أَثْقَالَهَا (٢)
    وَقَالَ الإنْسَانُ مَا لَهَا (٣)
    يَوْمَئِذٍ تُحَدِّثُ أَخْبَارَهَا (٤)
    بِأَنَّ رَبَّكَ أَوْحَى لَهَا (٥)
    يَوْمَئِذٍ يَصْدُرُ النَّاسُ أَشْتَاتًا لِيُرَوْا أَعْمَالَهُمْ (٦)
    فَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيْرًا يَرَهُ (٧)
    وَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ شَرًّا يَرَهُ (٨)
       In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
    1. When the earth will be shaken with her (Final) earthquake,
    2. And the earth will throw out her burdens,
    3. And man will cry out: What is the matter with it?
    4. On that day she will recount her news,
    5. As your Sustainer will have inspired her to do so,
    6. On that day, all men will come forward, cut off from one another, so that they may be shown their deeds. 7. So he who shall have done an atom’s weight of good shall see it,
    8. And he who shall have done an atom’s weight of evil shall see it.


    Vocabulary and Meanings: 


    1. زُلْزِلَتِ – to be shaken 
    2. الأرْضُ – the earth 
    3. أَخْرَجَتِ – to throw out 
    4. أَثْقَالَهَا – her burdens 
    5. الإنْسَانُ – the man 
    6. يَوْمَئِذٍ – that day 
    7. هَا – her 
    8. أَخْبَارَ – news 
    9. رَبَّكَ – your Lord 
    10. لِيُرَوْا- to show them 
    11. أَعْمَالَهُمْ – their deeds 
    12. مِثْقَالَ – equal to 
    13. ذَرَّةٍ – an atom 
    14. خَيْرًا – good 
    15. شَرًّا – evil 


    Questions and Answers: 


    1. What will happen with the coming of the final earthquake? 
    The earth will throw out all its burdens.

    2. What is indicative of the final earthquake? 
    It will indicate the end of this world and the coming of the Day of Judgment.


    3. What will be man’s reaction?
    Running here and there, man will cry out, ‘what is the matter with the earth’?


    4. On the Day of Judgment, where will men be advancing? And Why? 
    They will be advancing towards their Lord in order to see the result of their deeds.


    5. “So he who shall have done an atom’s weight of good shall see it”. Explain.
    On the Day of Judgment, every human being who had done even a small good deed, as insignificant as the weight of an atom, will find its reward will Allah.


    6. “So he who shall have done an atom’s weight of evil shall see it”. Explain.
    On the Day of Judgment, every human being who had done even a small evil deed, as insignificant as the weight of an atom, will find its punishment will Allah.

    7. What does this Surah inculcates in the minds and hearts of mankind? 
    This Surah alerts mankind against the coming of the Day of Judgment, when Allah will question about all our deeds which we do in this world. This Surah also inculcates that we should keep doing good deeds even though they may be of small nature, and avoid evil deeds even though they may be of small nature.

    SALAH HAS BEEN MADE MY DELIGHT, PART 1

    1. What is the most distinguishing mark of a Muslim?
    Salah is the most distinguishing mark of a Muslim.
    2. How many times a day has a Muslim to offer Salah?
    A Muslim has to offer Salah five times in a day.
    3. Which phrase often occurs in the Holy Qur’an?
    The phrase ‘Perform Salah perfectly’ (Aqimis Salah) often occurs in the Qur’an.
    4. What is the Pillar of Faith?
    Salah is the pillar of Faith.
    5. What are the gates of good?
    Fasting, giving charity and offering Salah – these are the gates of good in Islam.
    6. What is the sign of one’s being conscious of Allah?
    Offering Salah in the late hours of the night (Tahajjud prayer) is the sign of one being conscious of Allah.
    7. What is the heart of Islam?
    The heart of Islam is to submit to Allah.
    8. What is the backbone of Islam?
    Salah is the backbone of Islam.
    9. What is the peak of Islam?
    Striving in the cause of Allah is the peak of Islam.
    10. What is the importance of Salah in the life of a Muslim?
    The importance can be understood from this hadith: Between the servant and disbelief is the omission of Salah! One who doesn’t offer Salah doesn’t have faith!
    11. What does ‘offering Salah perfectly’mean?
    ‘Offering Salah perfectly’ means offering it regularly and in its proper time.
    12. What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
    Shahadah, Salah, Zakah, Sawm and Hajj.
    13. Mention the things a Muslim is required to believe and carry out in his daily life.
    A Muslim is required to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, Good and Evil. He is obligated to offer Salah, give Zakah, observe the fasts of Ramadan and perform Hajj if he has the means to do. A Muslim is required to practice the teachings of Islam in his daily life by following the last and final Messenger of Allah, Prophet Muhammad صلّى الله عليه وسلّم
    14. What does the word ‘Deen’ mean?
    ‘Deen’ sometimes is translated as ‘religion’ but it is not right. ‘Deen’ includes all aspects of life related to beliefs and actions of man.
    15. What is the importance of ‘the intention’ in Islam?
    All our actions are judged by intention. If the intention is good, then our good deeds will be accepted by Allah and if the intention is bad (for example, deeds done to show off) then even our good deeds wouldn’t be accepted by Allah.
    16. Can an adult Muslim be ever exempted from offering Salah? What about those who are in bad health?
    No adult is exempted from offering Salah except in case of women during certain times. Those who are in bad health can offer Salah by sitting or reclining.
    17. Mention the various merits and the value of Salah, as mentioned in Hadith, quoted in the lesson ‘Salah has been made My delight’?
    Salah is the saviour of faith. It is a pillar and the backbone of Islam. It distinguishes a believer from an unbeliever. Salah brings comfort to the heart. For a true Muslim, it is a source of delight and happiness.
    18. What happens when a Muslim offers Salah perfectly?
    When a Muslim offers his Salah perfectly, he gets closer to Allah. His sins are forgiven by Allah.
    19. What did the Prophet usually do in times of difficulties?
    He used to turn to Allah in Salah during times of difficulties.
    20. What comparison has been used in a Hadith to bring out the merits of Salah?
    The comparison is that of a man taking bath in a river five times in a day because of which he has no dirt left in his body. When a man offers Salah fives times in a day, all his sins are forgiven by Allah.
    21. What is the best thing in the sight of Allah?
    Offering Salah in its proper time is the best thing in the sight of Allah.
    22. How does the Qur’an condemn those who omit or relax their prayers?
    The Qur’an announces a grievous punishment for those who omit Salah saying that they will be thrown into the hell-fire.
    23. What is the purpose of man’s creation according to the Qur’an?
    According to the Qur’an, the purpose of man’s creation is to worship Allah by obeying His commands.
    24. How can we keep away from hell?
    We can keep away from hell by fearing Allah and by offering Salah perfectly.

    PROPHET MUSA عليه السلام Part 2

    1. Like all Prophets, Musa hated injustice and sided with the weak. Discuss quoting an incident from the early life of Prophet Musa.
    When Musa grew up in the palace of Pharaoh, he saw with his own eyes the cruel treatment meted out to the Bani Israel by the Egyptian high society, the Copts. Once he found two men fighting, one from Bani Israel and the other from the Copts. The Israelite shouted to Musa for help. Musa rushed to stop them from fighting.
    2. Did Musa kill the man intentionally?
    No, Musa did not kill the man intentionally.
    3. What did he do after he had already committed the act?
    Musa was filled with regret knowing that it had all been Satan’s doing. He turned to Allah in repentance.
    4. Whom were the guards of Pharaoh looking out for?
    The guards of Pharaoh were looking out for the killer of the Copt.
    5. What did a man advise Musa? What did Musa do? Why did he choose to depart from the city?
    A man advised Musa to depart from the city of Egypt. Musa heeded to his advice. He chose to depart from the city fearing Pharaoh and the evil-doing folk.
    6. What did Musa see on arriving at the waters of Madyan? What did he do?
    On arriving at the waters of Madyan, Musa saw a large group of men watering their herds and sheep. He also saw two girls standing in one corner, holding back their flock waiting for their turn. Musa understood that the men were being unjust. So he helped the two girls by watering their flock for them.
    7. What did Musa do when the girls had gone? What lesson should we learn from this?
    When the girls had left, Musa turned away to the said and prayed to Allah, “My Lord! I am in dire need of whatever you bestow upon me”. This teaches the lesson that a Muslim must turn to Allah for help when he or she is faced with difficulties.
    8. On what conditions did the pious old father offer his daughter in marriage to Musa?
    The Qur’an describes the old man’s offer thus:
    “I would like to marry one of my daughters, provided you work for me for eight years. If you complete ten years, that will be on your own account”.
    9. Had this marriage been forced upon Musa?
    No, this marriage was not forced upon Musa.