Allah is the Sustainer of the worlds

1. What did the owner of the garden tell his poor friend one day?

The owner of the two gardens told his poor friend that he has more wealth than him and that he is stronger than him in every way.

2. What reply did he give?

The poor man replied that it was wrong that he (the owner) was trying to compete with Allah and it might be that Allah will destroy his property which he is so proud of. He also told his friend that Allah will give him (the poor man) something better than these gardens.

3. Why did Allah send punishment down upon the man?

He was proud of his wealth and had hurt his friend by calling him weak and poor. So Allah sent punishment upon him.

4. The Quran is not a book of stories. It is a Book of Guidance. What lesson does the Holy Book want to teach through the incident of the two men?

We should always be thankful to Allah for our wealth and all His blessings. We should help the poor and needy. We should not be proud of what we own and should never boast about it to others.

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ISLAM AND THE WORLD

1. What did the Arabs contribute to the field of mathematics?
The figures 1 to 9 were given to the world by the Arabs, who copied them from India. They not only learnt it but also added 0 for zero to it.

2. Do you think the new figures passed on to the world by the Muslims made computing easier? Why?
Yes, the new figures passed on to the world by the Muslims made computing easier because earlier people used to write the numbers in the Roman script, which was quite difficult. For example: MMDLXXV could now be easily written as 2575.

3. What is the Muslim contribution to the field of medicine?
Muslim doctors discovered medicines for treating many diseases. They established finest hospitals. They worked out better ways to sew up the wounds. They wrote several books on medicine.

4. What urged the Muslims to think deeply about various illnesses and discover useful medicines? The Prophet’s saying that ‘there is no disease without a cure’ urged the Muslim doctors to think deeply about various illnesses and discover useful medicines.

5. How did the Muslim doctors discover that smallpox and the measles were two different diseases?
By observation, they learnt that smallpox and the measles were two different diseases.

6. Where was the ‘House of Wisdom’ built? Who built it?
The House of Wisdom was built in Baghdad by its ruler in 830 A.D.

7. What is calligraphy? What did the Muslims think of it?
The art of beautiful Arabic handwriting is called calligraphy. Muslims developed it as an art.

8. How did they preserve the books?
They preserved the books by binding them.

THE PROPHET’S COMPANIONS رضي الله عنهم

WRITE A SHORT BIOGRAPHY ON:
1. ZAYD IBN HARITHAH 

رضي الله عنه




Zayd ibn Harithah was a slave who was set free by the Prophet. When he was eight years old, the Prophet adopted him as his son. Zayd married Umm Ayman. They had a son called Usamah. Both Zayd and Usamah were regarded as members of the Prophet’s family. Zayd loved the Prophet more than his own parents. May Allah be pleased with him.


2. JAFAR AT TAYYAR 

رضي الله عنه





His full name was Jafar bin Abi Talib al-Hashimi. He was a brother of Ali. He was one of the early Muslims. He was the leader of emigrants in Abyssinia. He took part in the Battle of Mu’tah and became a shaheed. He had lost both his arms in the fight. He was given the title at-Tayyar – the Flyer after his death. May Allah be pleased with him 




3. AL ABBAS  رضي الله عنه

Al Abbas ibn Abd Al Mutallib رضي الله عنه was an uncle of the Prophet. He was two or three older than the Prophet. He supported the Prophet in the early years of Islam. After the Hijrah, he used to send news of the Quraysh to the Prophet. In the 7-8 A.H, he embraced Islam and migrated to Madinah. He died in Madinah in 32 A.H during the caliphate of Uthman رضي الله عنه May Allah be pleased with him 



4. ABDULLAH IBN UMAR 

رضي الله عنه





He was Umar ibn al Khattab’s eldest son. He is also called as Abu Abdur Rahman. He embraced Islam together with his father. He was very honest and pious. He spent his life in doing religious duties. He was a learned man. He was considered as one of the greatest men of his time as regards Hadith. He died in Makkah in 73 A.H at the age of eighty three. May Allah be pleased with him