Allah is the Sustainer of the worlds

1. What did the owner of the garden tell his poor friend one day?

The owner of the two gardens told his poor friend that he has more wealth than him and that he is stronger than him in every way.

2. What reply did he give?

The poor man replied that it was wrong that he (the owner) was trying to compete with Allah and it might be that Allah will destroy his property which he is so proud of. He also told his friend that Allah will give him (the poor man) something better than these gardens.

3. Why did Allah send punishment down upon the man?

He was proud of his wealth and had hurt his friend by calling him weak and poor. So Allah sent punishment upon him.

4. The Quran is not a book of stories. It is a Book of Guidance. What lesson does the Holy Book want to teach through the incident of the two men?

We should always be thankful to Allah for our wealth and all His blessings. We should help the poor and needy. We should not be proud of what we own and should never boast about it to others.



1. What did the Arabs contribute to the field of mathematics?
The figures 1 to 9 were given to the world by the Arabs, who copied them from India. They not only learnt it but also added 0 for zero to it.

2. Do you think the new figures passed on to the world by the Muslims made computing easier? Why?
Yes, the new figures passed on to the world by the Muslims made computing easier because earlier people used to write the numbers in the Roman script, which was quite difficult. For example: MMDLXXV could now be easily written as 2575.

3. What is the Muslim contribution to the field of medicine?
Muslim doctors discovered medicines for treating many diseases. They established finest hospitals. They worked out better ways to sew up the wounds. They wrote several books on medicine.

4. What urged the Muslims to think deeply about various illnesses and discover useful medicines? The Prophet’s saying that ‘there is no disease without a cure’ urged the Muslim doctors to think deeply about various illnesses and discover useful medicines.

5. How did the Muslim doctors discover that smallpox and the measles were two different diseases?
By observation, they learnt that smallpox and the measles were two different diseases.

6. Where was the ‘House of Wisdom’ built? Who built it?
The House of Wisdom was built in Baghdad by its ruler in 830 A.D.

7. What is calligraphy? What did the Muslims think of it?
The art of beautiful Arabic handwriting is called calligraphy. Muslims developed it as an art.

8. How did they preserve the books?
They preserved the books by binding them.



رضي الله عنه

Zayd ibn Harithah was a slave who was set free by the Prophet. When he was eight years old, the Prophet adopted him as his son. Zayd married Umm Ayman. They had a son called Usamah. Both Zayd and Usamah were regarded as members of the Prophet’s family. Zayd loved the Prophet more than his own parents. May Allah be pleased with him.


رضي الله عنه

His full name was Jafar bin Abi Talib al-Hashimi. He was a brother of Ali. He was one of the early Muslims. He was the leader of emigrants in Abyssinia. He took part in the Battle of Mu’tah and became a shaheed. He had lost both his arms in the fight. He was given the title at-Tayyar – the Flyer after his death. May Allah be pleased with him 

3. AL ABBAS  رضي الله عنه

Al Abbas ibn Abd Al Mutallib رضي الله عنه was an uncle of the Prophet. He was two or three older than the Prophet. He supported the Prophet in the early years of Islam. After the Hijrah, he used to send news of the Quraysh to the Prophet. In the 7-8 A.H, he embraced Islam and migrated to Madinah. He died in Madinah in 32 A.H during the caliphate of Uthman رضي الله عنه May Allah be pleased with him 


رضي الله عنه

He was Umar ibn al Khattab’s eldest son. He is also called as Abu Abdur Rahman. He embraced Islam together with his father. He was very honest and pious. He spent his life in doing religious duties. He was a learned man. He was considered as one of the greatest men of his time as regards Hadith. He died in Makkah in 73 A.H at the age of eighty three. May Allah be pleased with him

Dua – Calling on Allah

1. What is the best thing in the sight of Allah? 
Salah offered in its proper time is the best thing in the sight of Allah.

2. What does ‘Dua’ mean? 
Dua means calling on Allah. It is to seek help from Allah at all times.

3. What does Allah say in the Qur’an about Dua? Give its meaning in your own words. 
In the Qur’an, Allah Himself has told us to turn to Him in Dua for help. Allah is closer to man, He listens and answers the call of His servants. So the servants must keep calling on Allah at all times.

4. What does a Hadith say about Dua?
The Hadith about Dua says that when a man remembers Allah, He is with him. The point is that man must take the initiative to remember Allah. And Allah is always there to help him.

5. Should we despair and give up saying Dua, if an answer to our call does not seem to be coming? Why? 
No, we shouldn’t get despaired of the mercy of Allah. We must keep calling on Allah even though the answer doesn’t seems to be coming because no Dua is lost or wasted. Allah knows when to give!

Learn by heart all the Duas mentioned in this lesson along with their meaning.

Surah Quraysh

1. Learn the Surah Quraysh by heart.

2. Learn the translation of the Surah Quraysh by heart. (Refer your Text Book for the translation)

3. Write the meaning of the following words: 

 لإيلافِ – For the safety and security
قُرَيْشٍ – (the tribe) Quraysh
 رِحْلَةَ – journey
 الشِّتَاءِ – the winter

و – and 
الصَّيْفِ – the summer
 فَلْيَعْبُدُوا – so they should worship
 رَبَّ – Sustainer
 هَذَا – this
 الْبَيْتِ – the house
 الَّذِي – Who
 أَطْعَمَهُمْ – He fed them 
جُوعٍ – hunger
 وَآمَنَهُمْ – and made them safe
 مِنْ خَوْفٍ –from fear 

4. Answer the following questions:

1. Who were the Quraysh? 
Quraysh was the famous tribe of Makkah. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) belonged to this tribe.

2. What do you mean by ‘winter and summer journeys’? 
Allah refers to the trade journeys of the Quraysh.. In summer the Quraysh travelled northward to Syria and Palestine, for they were cool lands, and in winter southward to Yemen etc. for they were warm.

3. What is meant by ‘this house’? 
‘This house” refers to the Ka’bah, the House of Allah, in Makkah.

4. Who should worship whom and Why?
The Quraysh should Allah Who is the Sustainer of the Sacred House (Ka’bah) because it is He who provides them with safety and security when they undertake journeys in summer and winter.

5. “Who has fed them against hunger and made them safe from fear”. Explain. 
It is Allah Who feeds the people of Quraysh when they feel hungry and it is He who provides peace and security against all forms of fear. So the Quraysh should worship none but Allah.

"The Coolness of My Eyes Lies in Salah"

1. What advice did the dying man give to his son?
He advised him not to remove the sweet-smelling grass he had grown, even if it turned dry.

2. Why did the son decide to remove the sweet-smelling dry grass? 
The son decided to remove the sweet-smelling grass because it became dry and was not smelling sweet any longer.

3. What was its result? Why? 
The result was that a black serpent appeared and bit the boy to death. The grass had the quality of keeping the snakes out.

4. Mention various merits of Salah. 
Salah brings comfort to the heart. It is source of peace and strength to a believer.

5. What did the Prophet usually do in times of difficulties? 
In times of difficulties, the Prophet (peace be upon him) usually used to turn to Allah in Salah.

6. What comparison has been made in the Hadith to bring out the merits of Salah? 
The comparison is that of a river a man taking bath in it five times in a day. As no dirt will be left after taking bath fives times in a day, so no sin will be left unforgiven after offering Salah fives times in a day.

7. What is the best thing in the sight of Allah? 
Offering Salah at its proper time is the best thing in the sight of Allah.

8. What happens when a Muslim offers his Salah perfectly? 
When a Muslim offers his Salah perfectly, his sins are forgiven by Allah. He gets closer to Allah.

9. Which three persons particularly remain in the shelter of Allah? 
    1. The soldier who fights in the way of Allah
    2. The one who goes to mosque to offer Salah
    3. The Muslim who enters his house saying ‘Salam’.

10. What lesson does the incidents of Umar and the man from Ansar teach us?
       * We should not give up offering Salah at any cost.
       * We should concentrate in our Salah.
       * We should feel sorry when we commit any mistake in Salah.



a. “Allah is indeed pleased with His servant, who when he eats a morsel, praises Him for it, or drinks a sip and then praises Him for it”
1. Explain this hadith. 
In this Hadith, the Prophet Muhammad has encouraged us to remember Allah and be grateful to Him whenever we eat or drink. When we enjoy the blessings of food and water, we need to be thankful to the Creator. When we are thankful to Allah, He is pleased with us. And when Allah is pleased with us, we become the blessed people in the world.

b. “When one of you yawns, he should hold his hand over his mouth, for the Satan enters through the open mouth”. 
1. What is the Islamic way of yawning?
While yawning, a Muslim is expected to place his hand over his mouth. By doing this, a Muslim not only follows the hadith but also present a decent image of himself.

2. Why did the Prophet say that one should hold his hand over the mouth while yawning? 
The Prophet said that one should hold his hand over the mouth while yawning because the Satan enters through the open mouth.

c. “When one of you sneezes, he should say الحمد للهand his brother (the one who hears) should say in return: يرحمك الله and he should reply: يهديكم الله ويصلح بالكم” 
1. What will you say when you sneeze? 
When I sneeze I say الحمد لله, which means ‘All Praise is for Allah’.

2. What should one say in return to the one who sneezes and says الحمد لله?
One should reply by saying يرحمك الله , which means ‘May Allah have mercy on you’.

3. What is the meaning of يهديكم الله ويصلح بالكم ?
It means ‘May Allah guide you and set your affairs in order’.

d. “Beware of envy, for envy devours good deeds as fire devours firewood”. 
1. What is envy?
Envy is a kind of jealousy, the feeling of wishing to have what somebody has. It is also a feeling of wishing someone bad when good things are seen in others.

2. Why did Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم caution his followers to beware of envy? 
Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم cautioned his followers to beware of envy as it is such an evil trait of character that eats away the reward of all the good deeds of a person. The Prophet has made this clear by giving an example of fire devouring firewood.

e. “He who truly believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak good or keep silent”. 
1. According to this Hadith, what should a true believer in Allah and the Last Day do in his day to day life?
A true believer in Allah and the Last Day should either use his/her tongue for talking about good things or maintain silence.

2. Is quarrelling a good habit? If not, why? 
No, quarreling is not a good habit because while quarrelling people get angry and start using bad words.

3. Can you give some examples of the good usage of tongue? 
Enjoining what is good, forbidding what is evil, discussing among friends about the blessings of Allah, using kind words while talking to one’s parents, teachers and elders, avoiding indecent language, telling the truth, not being rude while talking to others, teaching Islam to those who don’t know – these are some of the good usages of one’s tongue

f. “Woe to him who tell lies to make people laugh – woe to him, woe to him”.
1. What do you understand by the word ‘woe’?
Woe is a kind of bad wish that a person desires in order to bring about great sorrow and distress to someone. It could be a kind of curse as well.

2. Give two examples to show how people tell lies in order to make others laugh?
Joking and mimicry are two examples to show how people tell lies in order to make others laugh. Some jokes are full of lies. April fooling is yet another example.

g. “When you are three together two of you must not talk privately leaving the third until you are in the company of other people because it makes him sad”. 
1. What do you understand by the above-quoted Hadith?
In this Hadith, our beloved Prophet has highlighted an important but decent aspect of living together. When there are three in a group, all three should feel happy and comfortable. However, when two of them start conversing in private ignoring the third, he will feel hurt and become sad. Living with people also means bearing in mind the feelings of others.

h. “He who leaves the Asr prayer is like the one who has lost his family and property”. 
1. What is the loss in leaving Asr prayers?
The loss is terrible: the one who leaves the Asr prayer is like the one who has lost his family and property.

2. Asr prayer is not performed regularly by some people. Give one reason.
Normally, after having lunch, some people have the habit of taking rest. When they oversleep, it would not be possible to get up for Asr prayers. People feel fatigue and lazy during this part of day time.


بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يُكَذِّبُ بِالدِّينِ (١)
فَذَلِكَ الَّذِي يَدُعُّ الْيَتِيمَ (٢)
وَلا يَحُضُّ عَلَى طَعَامِ الْمِسْكِينِ (٣)
فَوَيْلٌ لِلْمُصَلِّينَ (٤)
الَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنْ صَلاتِهِمْ سَاهُونَ (٥)
الَّذِينَ هُمْ يُرَاءُونَ (٦)
وَيَمْنَعُونَ الْمَاعُونَ (٧)
     In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
  1. Have you seen the one who denies the Religion?
  2. The one who pushes the orphans aside,
  3. And does not encourage the feeding of the poor,
  4. Oh, wretched are the worshippers,
  5. Who are forgetful of their Prayers!
  6. The ones who show off (in prayers)
  7. But refuse simple acts of kindness.
Vocabulary and Meanings:
1. أَرَأَيْتَhave you seen?
2. يُكَذِّبُdenies
3. يَدُعُّpushes aside, be harsh on
4. الْيَتِيمَthe orphan
5. يَحُضُّencourages, motivates
6. طَعَامِfeeding
7. الْمِسْكِينِthe poor, the have-nots
8. لِلْمُصَلِّينَfor the worshippers, those who offer Salah
9. صَلاتِهِمْtheir prayers
10. سَاهُونَforgetful, neglecting
11. يُرَاءُونَthey show off
12. الْمَاعُونَsimple acts of kindness

1. According to this Surah, who is the one who denies the Religion?
According to this Surah, the one who ill-treats the orphans and does not encourage the feeding of the poor is the one who denies the Religion.
2. What is referred to as ‘ad-deen’?
‘ad-deen’ is referred to the Deenul Islam, the religion of Islam.
3. What is meant by ‘pushing the orphans aside’?
It means ill-treating the orphans, denying their rights, not being kind to them.
4. “And does not encourage the feeding of the poor”. Explain briefly.
Here Allah is referring to the attitude of hypocrites by telling that they ‘do not encourage the feeding of the poor’. It means neither do they feed the poor nor do they motivate others to feed the poor and the needy.
5.  Why Allah is condemning the worshippers?
Allah is condemning the worshippers because of three reasons:
1.      Being forgetful of their Salah
2.      Offering Salah to show off
3.      Refusing simple acts of kindness.
6. Is showing off in prayers acceptable to Allah? Why?
No, praying to show off is not at all acceptable to Allah. This is because praying to show off is to commit Shirk, which is an unpardonable sin in Islam.
7. What is meant by ‘refusing simple acts of kindness’?
It means that some people are so greedy of wealth, so selfish and so stingy and miserly that they even refuse to consider simple acts of kindness to others. For example, refusing to help one’s classmate when he/she asks for pen or pencil.  This is generally the character of those who pretend to be good.

THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD صلى الله عليه وسلم – Part 6

1. Why did the Quraysh oppose Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم  more bitterly than ever before? 
The Quraysh opposed Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم   more bitterly than ever before because Abu Talib, a strong supporter of the Prophet, was no more.

2. How did an ill-mannered Quraysh behave with the Prophet one day? 
Once when the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  was coming from the Ka’bah, an ill-mannered Quraysh took a handful of dirt and threw it on his face and over his head.

3. What was its effect on Fatimah? 
The sight of her father brought tears in the eyes of Fatimah.

4. Where did the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  decide to go to continue his work? Why? 
The Prophet decided to go to Ta’if and continue his work there because the Quraysh were not letting the Prophet to preach Islam peacefully in Makkah.

5. How did the leaders and the chiefs of Ta’if treat the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم ? 
They mocked, abused and treated him badly.

6. The tribe of Ta’if did not allow the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  to leave the place in peace. What did they do? 
They stirred their slaves and boys to pelt stones at him as he tried to leave the place.

7. What was the condition of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم as he sat under the shade of a vine? 
Wounded and bleeding, footsore and tired, shoes sodden with blood, he sat under the shade of a vine.

8. What did he do at that heart-breaking moment? 
At that heart-breaking moment, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  raised his hands and prayed to Allah, seeking His help and protection.

THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD صلى الله عليه وسلم – Part 5

1. What did Umar’s acceptance of Islam make the Quraysh aware of?
The Quraysh realized that the Muslims had become strong.

2. What did they (the Quraysh) decide to do? 
They decided to place a ban on Bani Hashim and Bani Mutallib.

3. What does the ban mean? What sort of a ban did the Quraysh force upon the Muslims? 
The ban means to join together against a people, and agree not to buy from, sell to, or mix someone in order to punish them. The Quraysh decided not to sell or buy anything from the Muslims and not to develop any marital relationship with them.

4. Describe the plight of Muslims under the ban.
Under the ban, the Muslims were denied all the needs of life. Food was scarce. With nothing to eat, they ate leaves of trees that grew around. The children cried of hunger.

5. What made the Quraysh lift the ban put upon the Muslims? 
The sight of starving Muslims moved some men of the Quraysh to pity and they decided to lift the ban. This was also because not all were as hard-hearted as Abu Jahl.

6. Which two sad events took place in the life of the Prophet Muhammad during this period? 
Two sad events were the death of Khadijah, Prophet’s wife, and Abu Talib, his uncle one after the other.


1. Can a Muslim eat anything that comes his way?
No, a Muslim cannot eat anything that comes his way.

2. What kind of foods does the Qur’an forbid? 
The Qur’an forbids: 1. The flesh of dead animal 2. Blood 3. Pork 4. That which is slaughtered in the name of other than Allah 5. The strangled animal 6. The animal that is beaten to death 7. The animal that is gored to death by horns of another animal 8. That which has been partly eaten to death by a beast of prey.

3. What does the Holy Book say about eating of the flesh of swine?
Eating of the flesh of swine is forbidden for the Muslims.
4. What is Halal and what is Haram? 
That which is allowed is Halal and that which is forbidden is Haram.

5. By what different names is the pork known? 
Bacon, Ham, Hog, Landrace, Large Black, Large White, Saddle Back etc.

6. Why should a Muslim not eat pork? 
Islam permits clean and pure things. Pig is an unclean animal. So it is Haram.

7. What care should a Muslim take while eating at a restaurant or in an aircraft?
A Muslim, while eating at a restaurant or in an aircraft, must see to it that he/she doesn’t eat anything that is clearly Haram in Islam.

8. A believer eats in one intestine, while a non-believer eats in seven. Explain 
Islam does not encourage over-eating. A Muslim does not gobble up food madly. He does not fill his stomach alone. He shares his food with others. He loves to feed the hungry.