Allah is the Sustainer of the worlds

1. What did the owner of the garden tell his poor friend one day?

The owner of the two gardens told his poor friend that he has more wealth than him and that he is stronger than him in every way.

2. What reply did he give?

The poor man replied that it was wrong that he (the owner) was trying to compete with Allah and it might be that Allah will destroy his property which he is so proud of. He also told his friend that Allah will give him (the poor man) something better than these gardens.

3. Why did Allah send punishment down upon the man?

He was proud of his wealth and had hurt his friend by calling him weak and poor. So Allah sent punishment upon him.

4. The Quran is not a book of stories. It is a Book of Guidance. What lesson does the Holy Book want to teach through the incident of the two men?

We should always be thankful to Allah for our wealth and all His blessings. We should help the poor and needy. We should not be proud of what we own and should never boast about it to others.

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ISLAM AND THE WORLD

1. What did the Arabs contribute to the field of mathematics?
The figures 1 to 9 were given to the world by the Arabs, who copied them from India. They not only learnt it but also added 0 for zero to it.

2. Do you think the new figures passed on to the world by the Muslims made computing easier? Why?
Yes, the new figures passed on to the world by the Muslims made computing easier because earlier people used to write the numbers in the Roman script, which was quite difficult. For example: MMDLXXV could now be easily written as 2575.

3. What is the Muslim contribution to the field of medicine?
Muslim doctors discovered medicines for treating many diseases. They established finest hospitals. They worked out better ways to sew up the wounds. They wrote several books on medicine.

4. What urged the Muslims to think deeply about various illnesses and discover useful medicines? The Prophet’s saying that ‘there is no disease without a cure’ urged the Muslim doctors to think deeply about various illnesses and discover useful medicines.

5. How did the Muslim doctors discover that smallpox and the measles were two different diseases?
By observation, they learnt that smallpox and the measles were two different diseases.

6. Where was the ‘House of Wisdom’ built? Who built it?
The House of Wisdom was built in Baghdad by its ruler in 830 A.D.

7. What is calligraphy? What did the Muslims think of it?
The art of beautiful Arabic handwriting is called calligraphy. Muslims developed it as an art.

8. How did they preserve the books?
They preserved the books by binding them.