The Islamic Etiquette of Clothing


1. Write a du’aa you should say when you wear your clothes (English Text):

“Praise be to Allah Who granted me the clothes that made me look good in front of people and cover my body”.  Continue reading


Hijab, An Act of Modesty


Workbook page numbers- 143, 145, 147

Exercise 1: Vocabulary

In your own words define the following:

1. Hijab: Literally, it means “barrier”. Hijab reflects proper dress along with adhering to a chaste attitude and decent behaviour as well.

2. Khimar: It is the Arabic word for a scarf or head wear.

3. Jilbab: This refers to a garment that covers the whole body from head to toe.

4. Niqab: A cloth that is used to cover one’s face, sometimes including the eyes.

Exercise 2: Related Texts

Write the translation of any one of the two ayaat that talk about wearing hijab.

“And say to the believing women that they cast down their looks and protect their chastity. And they should not display their beauty except that what appears thereof and let them cover their bosoms with parts of their Khimars (scarves).”

“O Prophet! Say to your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers that they let down upon them their over-garments; this will be more proper, that they may be known, and thus they will not be annoyed or harassed; and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.”

Exercise 3: Critical Thinking

1. A friend does not yet wear hijab. Being that it is a sensitive subject for some, how would you encourage her to wear it?

The best way to advise someone is to narrate the relevant Qur’anic verses and ahadith. A person will definitely take your advice seriously, if she is told that it is the order of Allah and the way of believing women. Remind her of the rewards from Allah and warn her of the consequences. Give importance to her views too. If Allah Wills, He will guide her.

2. A daughter wears hijab in her father’s presence in order to make him happy but she takes it off in school. She wants to wear hijab out of her own free will. What do you think of her actions? Is this permissible?

It is the duty of parents to show the right way to their children and it is the duty of children to obey parents. But some issues are sensitive and are to be tackled with care. The father should advice the daughter but should not force her. The daughter should take her father’s advice as he is right. She should not delay in doing the right things. It is wrong, if she is wearing hijab only in his presence and removing it during his absence. This way she is betraying her father’s trust and is disobeying him. She is disobeying Allah too.

Exercise 4: Review Questions

1. What are some benefits of practicing hijab?

1. a. It is an act of obedience.

b. It is a sign of chastity and modesty.

c. It helps to keep believers hearts pure.

d. It is a protection.

e. It is an act of righteousness.

f. Hijab is faith

g. HIjab fits the natural feeling of ghayrah.

2. Name two examples of proper hijab.

1. A loose long coat that covers the body properly and a scarf that covers the hair.

2. Abaya – A single piece of garment that covers the body completely and a scarf that covers the hair.

3. Name two examples of improper hijab.

1. Convertible Hijab – The scarf goes up and down showing parts of or all her hair. Sleeves of one’s shirt may go up and down also thus revealing one’s body.

2. Tight Hijab- A girl might be wearing hijab but she wears tight jeans and shirts. This outfit reveals her shape. She does not cover her outfit with a loosely flowing long shirt or coat.

4. Why is hijab mandatory? Support your answer by providing a hadeeth or ayah from the Qur’an.

Verse no. 59 from Surah al-Ahzab clearly states that believing women must cover their body with an outer garment. Moreover, verse no. 31 of Surah an-Nur too mandates upon believing women to cover their beauty in front of non-related men. It is in the character of believing men and women to act upon the orders of Allah immediately as they are told to.

5. Are Muslims the only ones to cover and wear hijab? If not, give an example.

No, hijab was not something invented during Muslim era. It is known very well that the veil was part of everyday dress for women in ancient Christian and Jewish communities.  It is still worn today within certain communities. Some women in Europe continue to cover their hair. Practice of veil is mentioned in Old and New Testaments.


The Prophets of Islam


1. What does Islam teach about Prophets? Quote two verses from the Qur’an.

ولكل أمة رسول

“Indeed for every nation there is a Messenger”

إنا أرسلناك بالحق بشيرا ونذيرا وإن من أمة إلا خلافيها نذير

“Indeed We have sent with you the truth conveying to people Our good tidings and warnings. And there is no nation, which has not been sent a warning”

Zakah: The Third Pillar of Islam


1. Why do you think Zakah was given this particular name? Allah could have named it tax!

When you use the word ‘zakah’ it motivates the giver to share his wealth with the poor and thereby get purified. People hate being taxed!

2. Why do you think Allah didn’t require zakah on houses we live in, cars we use, jewelry we wear, equipment we run in our factories and businesses?

These are basic necessities of life. They do not amount to extravagance. Had Zakah been required on these things, then it would have been injustice to people!

3. Why did Allah require that we should keep the money subject to zakah for at least a year before we pay zakah on it?

If we are told to pay zakah every week or every month, it would be cruel and taxing on us!

Compulsory sharing of wealth in the form of zakah has been made essential in Islam once every year so that a Muslim willingly shares part of his annual savings without feeling any burden.

4. What is the meaning of Zakah in Arabic language?

It means purity and growth. This means that observing zakah will purify and bless the wealth and the zakah-giver.

5. Describe the concept of wealth in Islam?

* As everything belongs to Allah, money also belongs to Allah.

* Money is very important for everyday living.  Islam encourages Muslims to work hard to earn money for their livelihood and discourages laziness and begging.

* Islam wants us to use money wisely, avoid wasting it, and to share it with others.

* Islam prohibits greed and love for wealth through voluntary sadaqah and compulsory zakah.

* Muslims are required to earn wealth through halal means and spend it in a halal way.

6. When was zakah prescribed to Muslims?

In the second year of hijrah.

7. Who should receive zakah?

Eight categories of people are entitled to receive zakah:

1. The poor (faqeer or fuqaraa)

2. The needy (miskeen or masakeen)

3. Those who work to collect zakah

4. Those inclined towards Islam or new Muslims

5. Slaves and captives

6. The debtors

7. In the way of Allah (fee sabeelillah)

8. The helpless and stranded travellers.

8. What is the difference between faqeer and miskeen?

A faqeer is the one who is poor but then he depends and openly seeks help from people.

A miskeen is also the one who is poor but then he is shy of asking and embarrassed to seek help from others.

9. On what types of wealth do Muslims pay zakah?

1. Money (gold, silver, cash, bonds, stocks etc.)

2. Business inventory

3. Crops

4. Cattle (sheep, cows, goats, camels)

5. Treasures

6. Minerals and metals.


Surah al Qalam, Part 2, Verses 8-16


1. Why is committing a kabeerah a dangerous behaviour?

Committing a kabeerah harms one’s faith, erodes trust, spoils reputations, fosters hatred and creates mistrust in a person as well as  the society he lives in.

2. What is the difference between gheebah and nameemah?

While both are among the kabeerah, gheebah is to backbite in that one mentions about a Muslim in any way that is hurtful or disliked by him even if the matter is true. Nameemah is to indulge in gossiping which spreads distrust and disrespect within the community. Lie and falsehood form a part of nameemah.

3. What is the Islamic rule on gheebah? Support your answer with an ayah, and a hadeeth.

وَلا يَغْتَبْ بَعْضُكُمْ بَعْضًا أَيُحِبُّ أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ لَحْمَ أَخِيهِ مَيْتًا

“And do not let some of you backbite others. Does one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother?” (49: 12)

About gheebah, Rasoolullah said that it is “to mention about your brother in any way that is hurtful or disliked by him”.

4. What is the Islamic rule on nameemah? Support your answer with an ayah and a hadeeth.

وَلا تُطِعْ كُلَّ حَلافٍ مَهِينٍ

هَمَّازٍ مَشَّاءٍ بِنَمِيم

“And do not obey any worthless person who swears or lies; He is always insulting people, going around spreading rumours and gossip” (68: 11-12)

Rasoolullah said, “A person who spreads gossip will not enter Paradise”.

5. “Compromising one’s religion is dangerous behaviour”. Explain Allah’s and the Prophet’s guidance on this.

Allah says, “Do not listen to the disbelievers. They would love it if you compromise (your religion) and they compromise (theirs)”. According to this ayah, a Muslim must hold strong to his or her faith and not leave it all. Allah only accepts Islam as His true and final religion. Rasoolullah and his companions did not give in at any cost either to relax or to compromise on religion. They would rather face torture and trouble than willing to compromise on one’s religion!

6. Can someone add new worship or ritual to Islam? Why or why not?

This is strictly not allowed in Islam. Islam is a complete religion. It doesn’t need any addition nor any deletion. Rasoolullah said, “He who innovates something in matters of our religion that is not of it, will have it rejected”.

Surah al Qalam, Part 1, Verses 1-7


1. Why did Allah name this Surah “Al Qalam”?

It is to reveal the importance of Pen and writing. And Allah knows best.

2. Why did the disbelievers name-call the Prophet and claim he was crazy?

The Prophet was calling people towards the worship of Allah and the belief in the Hereafter. The disbelievers could not find any fault with the Qur’an. Since they were bent on denying the truthful message of the Qur’an, they labelled the Prophet as being crazy.

3. The word “khuluq” in ayah 4 includes many meanings embedded in it. Infer the most important akhlaq, or manners, that were found in the character of Prophet Muhammad.

Truthfulness, honesty, integrity and well behaviour were the most important aspects of the character of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

4. What was the first thing Allah created? And what did He order it to do?

First there was only Allah in the empty space with nothing. Second, Allah created water with His throne above the water. Third, Allah created the pen and the preserved tablet, and ordered it to write everything that will happen until the Day of Judgement.

5. What were some of the slanders the disbelievers used to spread about the Prophet?

That he was mad and behaving in a crazy manner.

6. In what way does Allah praise Prophet Muhammad in the beginning of this Surah?

Allah said:  وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلى خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ

“(O Muhammad!) Certainly you have a great character”. (68: 4)

7. What was one of the main missions of Prophet Muhammad? Support your answer with a hadeeth.

إنما بعثت لأتمم مكارم الأخلاق

“I was only sent to complete the best manners and moral character”.

8. “Having a good character is very important in Islam”. Write if you agree or disagree with the statement. Support you answer with ayaat and ahadeeth.

Given the nature of Islam, there is no question of disagreeing on this matter. Good character is an essential part of one’s faith.

Rasoolullah said, “There is nothing heavier on the scale of the believer on the Day of Judgement than good character, and Allah hates the bad mannered, vulgar person”.

In the Qur’an, wherever Allah mentions about eemaan, He immediately mentions about amilus saalihaat also. This suffices to say that having good character is an integral part of a Muslim’s faith.


Males and Females

1. Identify and write a hadeeth on the general positive relation between men and women:

“Women are indeed sisters to men”

2. Identify and write a hadeeth on the danger of an unmarried man and a woman to be alone in a secluded place:

“Whenever a man sits alone with a woman except, the Shaytan becomes their third”.

Define the following:

1. Awrah: Those parts of the body that must be covered.

For Boys: Anything except for the hair, neck, elbows down and knees down.

For Girls: Everything except for the face and hands.

2. Khulwah:

It is to stay alone with a person from the opposite sex in a closed room or a secluded place.

3. Ghadd-u-Basar:

Lowering the gaze when seeing the person of the opposite sex.

4. Zawaj:

Marriage according to the Islamic Law.

5. Zina:

It is adultery or fornication.

6. Mahram:

People to whom marriage is not allowed in Islam.

Fill in the blanks:

1. Allah made marriage the only way for males and females to experience a close and intimate friendship.

2. Muslim brothers and sisters in Islam should have the highest level of respect for each other.

3. Males and females are equally humans and intellectual servants of Allah.

4. Ghaddul Basar means lowering the gaze or looking away.

5. It is permissible for young children of the opposite sex to play with one another.

6. Allah not only prohibited Zina but consider it a crime.

7. Girls after reaching puberty must cover their body with loose modest clothing.

8. The areas of the body that must be covered in front of other people is called awrah.

9. Marriage leads to lasting love and mercy.

Hayaa: Modesty, Shyness and Honour Together

1. How does hayaa play a role in everyday life?

Hayaa is modesty, shyness, self-respect, shame, bashfulness – all these aspects of hayaa are directly connected with our day to day activities. Hayaa keeps a Muslim from behaving in a bad, evil or shameful manner.

2. Name some of the virtues of hayaa.

* Allah loves those who have hayaa in them

* Hayaa is one of the great virtues of Islam. It is the ethic of Islam.

* Hayaa only brings good and nothing else.

* Hayaa leads to Jannah.

3. How can hayaa be acquired?

Hayaa can be acquired by:

* Making one’s imaan stronger

* Recognising bad actions as evil acts,

* Being fearful of Allah to fall in these bad actions

* Feeling ashamed of the community

4. Give an example of each level of hayaa.

Spiritual Hayaa: Modesty before Allah – To feel ashamed to do anything that displeases Him.

Social Hayaa: Modesty before people – To avoid immoral or disrespectful behaviours like obscenity and bad behaviour.

Personal Hayaa: Modesty with oneself – To avoid all shameful acts, especially when no one is around, like undressing oneself

5. Give some examples of how hayaa can be misused.

* Being silent or passive in the presence of falsehood or injustice

* Not discouraging evil

* Not encouraging good

* Not doing what is correct and allowed

6. Identify and write a hadeeth on hayaa:

“Among the things that people have found from the words of the previous prophets was: ‘If you feel no shame, then do as you like”.

7. Identify and write the hadeeth on the branches of iman:

 “Iman has seventy branches. The highest is La ilaaha il-lal-laah, and the lowest branch is to remove something harmful from the road. And hayaa is a branch of iman”.

8. Hayaa is something that is not in every person. Write a brief example of someone that you know or have seen that does not show hayaa. (You can write your own answer. One answer is provided here)

Today we come across people who are dressed but still they are naked. People who work in films and advertising industry wearing see-through dresses, indulging in shameful chitchat with people especially opposite gender arouse sexual passions of the public and the viewers.

9. Why do you think some people have no hayaa? Can these people attain Hayaa. If so, how?

Hayaa is a natural urge that keeps people away from shame and indecency. However, due to bad friendship and societal influence, a person’s hayaa is lost. But hayaa can be easily attained as a result of learning about this virtue and observing others practising it. For example: A boy or a girl may refuse to go to the beach with swimsuits or wear revealing clothes, although he or she used to do that before.