1. Define the following terms:
- Al Qabr: The grave which is the first step to Resurrection.
- Naeemul Qabr: The rewards and enjoyments received by the believers in the grave.
- Athaabul Qabr: The punishments given to the disbelievers and the sinful Muslims in the grave.
- Malak al Mawt: The Angel of Death who is in charge of taking the soul at its appointed time.
- Al Barzakh: A Barrier between the Life in the grave and Resurrection.
2. Not all people are buried the Islamic way. Some are cremated and some bodies are not found. Do you think that these individuals experience life in the grave? Please support your answer with an explanation of why or why not.
Life in the grave is experienced by the soul, not the body. So it doesn’t matter whether the dead body is cremated or thrown into the sea or buried. Punishment or Reward is given to the soul, so the soul experiences life in the grave.
3. What are some differences between a Muslim cemetery and a non-Muslim one?
A Muslim cemetery will not have fancy graves like those that are otherwise found in a non-Muslim cemetery. Also, there is no place reserved for anyone as the Muslim graveyard is common to all irrespective of the rich or poor.
As Muslims bury their dead ones, a Muslim cemetery will be greener and cleaner.
4. Loud weeping at cemeteries is not aloud. Why do you think that is?
Weeping loudly shows indiscipline and disrespect to the Almighty’s will. It also shows lack of patience on one’s part. Moreover, it disturbs the peaceful atmosphere of the cemetery causing additional distress to others around.
5. Why was visiting the graves forbidden at the beginning of Islam?
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was afraid that people would worship the graves or set up statues on them.
6. Islam encourages Muslims to visit graveyards often. Why do you think that is?
It is for two basic purposes:
a) To make du’aa for the dead Muslims and
b) To remember death and develop the feeling that this world is temporary and that one has leave one day.
7. Which Surah did the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) encourage Muslims to recite every day in order to protect oneself from the punishment of the grave?
Surah al Mulk.
8. What is the first thing that happens in the grave?
Two angels, Munkar and Nakeer, awaken the dead and begin their questioning.