Presenting a collection on Different Types of Salah with sound argument and authentic references. Hope this helps all brothers and sisters, InshaaAllah.
Prayers are given as per alphabetical order.
Al Sunnan Al Rawatib – Sunnah prayers associated with daily five time Salah
Description of the Prophet’s Prayer – To know the right way.
Duha or Ishraaq or Chast are ONE AND THE SAME – Encouraged
Eid Prayers – Encouraged and Recommended
Nafl, Tatawoo, Sunnah, Mustahab, Mandub (Meaning and clarification)
Prayer in times of natural calamities – Recommended
Prayer of the Sick – Islam is Easy!
Prayer on Wedding Night or Before Consummating Marriage – This is NOT from the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) rather from the Sahabahs.
Qunoot in Five Daily Prayers – When the Ummah is in distress/calamities
Salah al Awwabeen – 6 Rak’aats between Maghrib & Isha is from a Very Weak report! One can pray without specifying a set no. of rak’aats
Salaat al Raghaa’ib – This is Bi’dah, Must be avoided
Salaat at-Tawbah – Encouraged
Salah Tasbeeh – No Proof of its authenticity, to be avoided
Salatul Haajah – No proof of its authenticity, to be avoided
Salatul Istikhaarah – Most Recommended
Salatul Istisqaa – Recommended
Salatul Janazah – Of obligatory nature
Salatul Khawf – The Fear Prayer – In times of battles/jihad
Salatul Kusoof – Prayer when there is an Eclipse – Encouraged & Recommended
Salatul Musafir – Traveller’s Prayer – Encouraged & Recommended
Salatul Witr – Most Encouraged and Recommended
Tahajjud and Qiyam al Layl – Motivated to achieved spiritual upliftment
Tahiyyatul Masjid – Encouraged & Recommended
Taraweeh Prayers in Ramadhaan – Recommended
The Five Daily Prayers – Obligatory which MUST be performed by anyone calling himself/herself a Muslim
Sal-lal-laahu-ala Muhammad, Sal-lal-laahu-alaihi-wa-sallam
Note: All posts are courtesy IslamQA.