Write an essay on the following:
1. Can a Sahabi make a serious mistake? Support your answer with at least one story from the time of the Prophet sal-lal-laahu-alaihi-wa-sallam.
A sahabi is a human being. And as human beings, no one is perfect. To err is human.
During the time of the Prophet sal-lal-laahu-alaihi-wa-sallam, the companions did commit some mistakes and the Prophet (Peace be upon him) always tried to check and correct them.
For example: When Al Harith bin Durar accepted Islam, he made a commitment to the Prophet that he will go back to his tribe, do dawah and collect Zakah from them. He told the Prophet to send someone to take the collected Zakah from him at a given time.
As per the agreement, Al Harith was waiting for the Prophet’s representative. But when nobody came, he thought that it would be wise to go and seek clarification.
Actually, the Prophet had sent Al Waleed ibn Uqbah to collect the Zakah fund from Al Harith. When the man travelled part of the way, he got scared. There were bad feelings between the tribes of Al Harith and Al Waleed before Islam. He returned to the Prophet and lied to him saying that Al Harith and his tribe refused to give the Zakah and tried to kill him.
Al Harith later said to the Prophet, “I swear by Allah who sent Muhammad with the truth, I never saw him (Al Waleed) and he never came”.
In fact this was the reason for the revelation of the verses 6 to 8 of Surah al Hujuraat.
2. Should we disrespect a Sahabi because of a mistake he made? Why or why not?
No, we should not disrespect a Sahabi because of a mistake he made. The Sahabas were great men who lived their life with patience and endurance, supporting the Prophet (peace be upon him) and tolerating everything for the cause of Islam. Allah speaks in high terms about them, and informs us in the Qur’an that the Sahabas were pleased with Him and that He was pleased with them: رَضِيَ اللَّـهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ
1. Identify and write the translation of the hadeeth on the character of a nammaam:
The Prophet is reported to have said, “Shall I tell you about the most evil ones from amongst you?” They said, “Of course.” He said, “Those who go around with nameemah. They make enmity between friends and seek problems for the innocent”.
2. Identify and write the translation of the hadeeth on the punishment of Nammaam:
Hudhiafah (RA) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “A nammaam will never enter Paradise”.
Learn the following statements for answering objective type questions (True or False, Fill in etc.)
1. Al Hujuraat were the rooms the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his family used to live next to the Masjid-un-Nabawi.
2. Surah al Hujuraat was revealed in Madinah.
3. Surah al Hujuraat consists of 18 verses.
4. Yelling upon people and raising one’s voice in front of elders is not a good Islamic etiquette.
5. Muaadh ibn Jabal (RA) was sent by the Prophet to Yemen to judge among them.
6. Omar ibn al Khattab (RA) was about to punish two people for raising their voices in the masjid.
7. Muslims must refer to the Qur’an and the Sunnah as they run their life affairs.
8. A Muslim judge should first judge according to the Qur’an, if he couldn’t find an answer, then he must refer to the precedent set in the Sunnah, and if he couldn’t find an answer even in the Sunnah, then he should use his discretion when judging between two people.
9. “Faasiq” is someone who is sinful, disobedient or an evil-doer.
10. Nameemah is to slander. It is to spread false tales among people with an intention to break relationships.
11. Nameemah is a major sin.
12. Allah commands us to verify the credibility of news before passing on to others.
13. Forwarding messages through WhatsApp (for example), without checking the authenticity, should always be avoided by Muslims.
14. Gheebah is backbiting, and backbiting is a sin in Islam.
15. In Surah al Humazah, Allah says, “Woe to every slanderer and backbiter”.
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