Short History of the Qur’an


1. Read the following clues and give precise answers:

The Longest Surah in the Qur’an: _______________________________

The Greatest Ayah in the Qur’an: ______________________________

The Longest Ayah in the Qur’an: _______________________________

The Shortest Surah of the Qur’an: _____________________________

Aroos-ul-Qur’an: ___________________________________________

The last full surah to be revealed: ______________________________

The first word ever revealed: _________________________________

Angel who brought the Qur’an from Allah to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) ______  

2. Write the meaning of the following words:

Juz: _________

Ajza: _________

Surah: ___________

Suwar: ____________

Tafseer: _________________

Suwar Makkiyyah: ____________________________

Suwar Madaniyyah: ___________________________

Ayah: __________

Aayaat: ____________

Mus’haf: __________________________________

3. State whether the following statements are true or false:

Zaid ibn Thabit compiled the entire Qur’an ayah by ayah ___________

It took about 13 years for Prophet Muhammad to receive all of the suwar _____

There are 6236 aayaat in the Qur’an _________

There are 350,281 huroof (letters) in the Qur’an. ________

Allah sent Qur’an to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in one night. _____

The Qur’an has been translated into 20 languages thus far. _______

The Qur’an began to be revealed in the year 620 A.D. ________

Seven identical copies of the Qur’an were made during the time of Caliph Uthman ibn Affan (radhiyallahu anhu) ________

The Qur’an will always remain unaltered because Allah is protecting it unlike the previous books sent to other prophets. _________

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) used to teach 20 ayaat at a time. ____

4. Answer the following questions:

1. When was the Qur’an first revealed and where?

The revelation started during the year 610 A.D. in the month of Ramadhan in the Cave of Hira.

2. Who was Zaid ibn Thabit? What was his role in compiling the Qur’an?

He was the Scribe of the Qur’an and a young companion of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) He performed the remarkable feat of compiling the Qur’an into one Master Copy.

3. How did the Prophet (peace be upon him) use to teach the Qur’an to the Sahabah?

He used to teach ten ayaat or so at a time. The companions used to memorize them, learn them and apply in their daily life. Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) would teach them another set of aayaat. He also used to explain the aayaat through his words and deeds.

4. What are the three ways we learn from how the Qur’an should be taught?

Memorise the Qur’an

Understand the words of Allah

Apply it in your lives.

5. Briefly describe how the Qur’an was collected in one collection after the passing of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

Caliph Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) ordered Zaid ibn thabit to gather all the written aayaat of the Qur’an in one big collection. Zaid did the job with perfection and made the first written copy (Mushaf) of the Qur’an.

6. What were the first verses that were revealed to the Prophet? Write its interpretation.

The first five verses of Surah al Alaq were the first to be revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) The interpretation of the verses goes like this:

“Read in the name of your Lord who created.

Created man from a clinging substance

Read, and your Lord is the most Generous

Who taught by the pen

Taught man that which he knew not”. (Surah al Alaq 1-5)

7. What were the aayaat written on and why?

As paper was not available at that time, the aayaat were written on wood, animal bones, rocks, animal skin, and dried palm leaves etc.

8. Why was the Qur’an translated centuries after it was completely revealed?

At first there was no need of translation but when Islam spread to different parts of the world, the need to translate in other languages arose. In order to help the non-Arabic speaking people understand the Qur’an, it was translated into many languages.

9. What happened to the Qur’an during the time of Abu Bakr, the first Khaleefah?

A great number of companions who memorized the Qur’an were martyred in the Battle of Yamama during the time of Caliph Abu Bakr. So Omar ibn al Khattab advised the Caliph to compile the Qur’an into one book form.

10. Why do you believe that Allah protects the Qur’an from any changes?

Al Qur’an is the last Book of Allah and therefore it has to remain intact till the end of time. So Allah has taken the responsibility to protect the Qur’an.

11. What was the feeling of Zaid ibn Thabit (radhiyallahu anhu) when he was given the responsibility to compile the Qur’an?

Zaid’s feeling can be sensed from his own statement: “By Allah! Had they asked me to move a mountain from its place, it would have been easier for me”.


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