1. Why do you think Zakah was given this particular name? Allah could have named it tax!
When you use the word ‘zakah’ it motivates the giver to share his wealth with the poor and thereby get purified. People hate being taxed!
2. Why do you think Allah didn’t require zakah on houses we live in, cars we use, jewelry we wear, equipment we run in our factories and businesses?
These are basic necessities of life. They do not amount to extravagance. Had Zakah been required on these things, then it would have been injustice to people!
3. Why did Allah require that we should keep the money subject to zakah for at least a year before we pay zakah on it?
If we are told to pay zakah every week or every month, it would be cruel and taxing on us!
Compulsory sharing of wealth in the form of zakah has been made essential in Islam once every year so that a Muslim willingly shares part of his annual savings without feeling any burden.
4. What is the meaning of Zakah in Arabic language?
It means purity and growth. This means that observing zakah will purify and bless the wealth and the zakah-giver.
5. Describe the concept of wealth in Islam?
* As everything belongs to Allah, money also belongs to Allah.
* Money is very important for everyday living. Islam encourages Muslims to work hard to earn money for their livelihood and discourages laziness and begging.
* Islam wants us to use money wisely, avoid wasting it, and to share it with others.
* Islam prohibits greed and love for wealth through voluntary sadaqah and compulsory zakah.
* Muslims are required to earn wealth through halal means and spend it in a halal way.
6. When was zakah prescribed to Muslims?
In the second year of hijrah.
7. Who should receive zakah?
Eight categories of people are entitled to receive zakah:
1. The poor (faqeer or fuqaraa)
2. The needy (miskeen or masakeen)
3. Those who work to collect zakah
4. Those inclined towards Islam or new Muslims
5. Slaves and captives
6. The debtors
7. In the way of Allah (fee sabeelillah)
8. The helpless and stranded travellers.
8. What is the difference between faqeer and miskeen?
A faqeer is the one who is poor but then he depends and openly seeks help from people.
A miskeen is also the one who is poor but then he is shy of asking and embarrassed to seek help from others.
9. On what types of wealth do Muslims pay zakah?
1. Money (gold, silver, cash, bonds, stocks etc.)
2. Business inventory
4. Cattle (sheep, cows, goats, camels)
6. Minerals and metals.