THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD صلى الله عليه وسلم – Part 3

1. How long did Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم stay at Badr after the victory of the Muslims? 
Allah’s Messenger stayed at Badr for three nights after the victory of the Muslims.


2. What was the practice of Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم concerning the dead bodies? 
The practice of Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم was to give the dead a burial.


3. What did he order about the corpses of Quraysh leaders? 
As the numbers of dead persons were large, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم ordered that the corpses of the Quraysh leaders be thrown into one of the dry wells of Badr.


4. How did Muslims get rid of Umayyah bin Khalaf’s dead body? 
His body had swelled within his armour. It began to break as they tried to move it. So they left it where it was and heaped sand and stones upon it.


5. How did the Muslims in Madinah receive the news of the battle of Badr? 
They received the news with delight and happiness. They came out from their houses and welcomed the victory with shouts of joy.


6. Why did Uthman bin Affan not been able to participate in the battle? 
Uthman bin Affan was not able to participate in the battle of Badr as his wife, Ruqayyah, was sick and he had to stay behind to look after her.


7. When did Ruqayyah die? 
Ruqayyah died in the second year of Hijra when the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and the Muslims were away fighting the enemy at the Battle of Badr.


8. The victory of Badr was most inspiring for the Muslims. Explain. 
By all means, the victory of Badr was most inspiring for the Muslims. They fought against a force that was no match to them. They did not have sufficient provisions. They lacked proper camping families. Most of the Muslim fighters were young with little or military experience. In spite all these drawbacks, they won the battle against the mighty enemy. This victory was a notable victory for the Muslims and they spirits rose high as it inspired them towards the cause of Islam.


9. How was the defeat at Badr a serious misfortune for the Makkans? 
The Makkans were badly shaken by the defeat at Badr that they hardly believed what they heard. They had lost most of their influential and trained men. Their defeat shook their prestige completely. It had a marked effect on Abu Lahab who was seized by a severed and died a few days later.


10. How did the women of Quraysh mourn their dead? What was the effect of defeat on Hind?
The women of the Quraysh shaved off their heads. They whipped themselves. Hind said, ‘I shall not mourn them publicly until I have avenged them. Fat and perfume shall be forbidden to me until we have defeated the enemy’.


11. How did Abu Sufyan react to the disaster? 
Abu Sufyan publicly announced that he had vowed to have nothing to do with oil and marital life till he had carried out a raid against the Muslims.


12. What did Abu Sufyan do to fulfil his vow? 
To fulfil his vow, he led a party of 200 riders to raid Madinah.


13. Who were the Bani Qaynuqa? Why were they expelled from Madinah? 
Bani Qaynuqa were one of the three famous Jewish tribes of Madinah. They were expelled from Madinah because they ill-treated a woman and killed a Muslim


14. Who was Fatimah? When was she married? 
Fatimah was the youngest daughter of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم. She was married to Ali (R.A) in 2 H


15. Who was Umm Kulthum? To whom was she married? 
Umm Kuthum was a daughter of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. She was married to Uthman bin Affan.


16. Mention the things that were made obligatory in the second year of hijrah? It was in the second year of Hijrah that fasting in the month of Ramadan, Zakatul Fitr, Salah for Idul Fitr and Idul Adha and sacrifice on the occasion of Idul Adha, were made obligatory.


17. Write Short notes on ‘the treatment of the captives of Badr’. 
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  accepted the suggestion of Abu Bakr to free the captives of Badr against ransom. The captives, who were entrusted in twos and fours to the Muslims, were released against a ransom of 4000 dirhams each. The very poor, were set free without taking anything. The educated among them, who could not afford to pay, were required to teach a number of illiterate Muslims how to read and write in order to earn their freedom.

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