1. Why did Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلّم send seventy of his companions to the tribe of Aamir?
In 4 H, Abul Bara Aamir ibn Malik, one of the chiefs of tribe of Aamir, paid a visit to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلّم. When Islam was put before him, he said that he is not averse to it. He did not enter Islam then, but he asked some Muslims should be sent to instruct his whole tribe. That’s why Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلّم sent seventy of his companions to the tribe of Aamir.
2. What happened at the well of Ma’unah?
When seventy Muslims reached the well of Ma’unah, some neighbouring clans of Sulaym sent out a detachment of horse and massacred the whole delegation of unsuspecting Muslims in their camp, apart from two: Ka’b ibn Zayd and Amr ibn Umayyah رضي الله عنهم
3. Describe the circumstances that led Jabbar bin Salma to enter Islam.
The words uttered by Haram ibn Milham رضي الله عنه led his killer Jabbar to enter Islam. Jabbar used to say: “What led me to embrace Islam was that I came upon Haram رضي الله عنه from behind and thrust him between the shoulders with my spear. The point came out from Haram’s chest, and I heard him say, “By the Lord of Ka’bah! I have triumphed”. In amazement I drew out my spear and said to myself: ‘What kind of triumph is this one? Did I not take his life?’ Afterwards I asked others and was told that he meant martyrdom. I said: “By Allah, he has triumphed”.
4. Why did Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلّم go to the Jewish settlement of Bani an-Nadir in the year 4 H?
Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلّم decided to go the Jewish settlement of Bani an-Nadir in the year 4 H to ask them to help him pay the blood-money due to Bani Aamir for the two men killed by Amr.
5. Describe the incident relating to the expulsion of Bani an-Nadir.
When Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلّم went to Bani an-Nadir to ask them to help him pay the blood-money due to Bani Aamir, they made a show that they were prepared to do whatever he said, and invited him and his companions for a meal. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلّم accepted the invitation and he and his companions seated themselves with their backs to the wall of one of their houses. Some Jews withdrew and whispered among themselves: “You will never get such a chance to again. Someone should go to the top of the house and drop a rock on him. Thus we shall get rid of him”. Allah informed His Prophet of this news and he left the place. This incident finally led to the expulsion of Bani an-Nadir.
6. Describe the expedition of Dhat-ar-Riqa. Why is it so called?
When Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلّم came to know that a group from Ghatafan in Najd were collecting an army to attack Muslims, he marched towards Najd until he stopped at Nakhl. He was accompanied but six of his companions. They had one camel which they rode in turns. They had, therefore, to march mostly on foot. Consequently, their feet were injured. The nails of their toes wore away and they had to wrap their feet in rags. Hence this expedition came be known as rags. The Muslims encountered the enemy but no fighting occurred.
7. What is the Prayer in danger called in Arabic?
The Prayer of danger is called as Salatul Khawf in Arabic.