SURAH AL HASHR (21 – 24)

بِسم اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
لَوْ أَنْزَلْنَا هَذَا الْقُرْآنَ عَلَى جَبَلٍ لَرَأَيْتَهُ خَاشِعًا مُتَصَدِّعًا مِنْ خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ وَتِلْكَ الأمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ (٢١) هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لا إِلَهَ إِلا هُوَ عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ هُوَ الرَّحْمَنُ الرَّحِيمُ (٢٢) هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لا إِلَهَ إِلا هُوَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ (٢٣) هُوَ اللَّهُ الْخَالِقُ الْبَارِئُ الْمُصَوِّرُ لَهُ الأسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأرْضِ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ (٢٤)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
21. Had we sent down This Qur’an on a mountain, Verily, You would have seen it humbled and cleave asunder for fear of Allah. Such are the examples which we propound to men that they may reflect.
22. He is Allah, there is no god but He; – who knows (All things) both secret and open; He, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
23. He is Allah, there is no god but He; – the Sovereign, the Holy one, the Source of Peace (and Perfection), the Guardian of Faith, the Preserver of safety, the Exalted in Might, the Irresistible, the Supreme: Glory to Allah. (High is He) above the partners they attribute to Him.
24. He is Allah, the Creator, the Evolver, the Fashioner. To Him belong the Most beautiful names: whatever is in the heavens and on earth, does declare His praises and glory: and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.
Vocabulary & Meanings:
جبل mountain
 خاشعا humble
 خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِfear of Allah
 الأمْثَالُsimilitude/examples
 يَتَفَكَّرُونَthey reflect/ponder
 عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِknower of the unseen/hidden/secret
 الشهادةthe seen/the open
 الْقُدُّوسُthe Holy One
 السلامthe source of all peace
 المهيمنthe Preserver of safety
 العزيزthe Exalted in Might/ the All-Mighty
 الجبّارthe Irresistible
 الخالقthe Creator
 المصوّرthe Fashioner
 الأسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَىthe Most Excellent Names


Questions & Answers:
1. What is the meaning of ‘had we sent down this Qur’an on a mountain, you would have seen it humbled and cleave asunder…’?
The parable means that if a huge creation like a mountain had the sense and knowledge that it had been made responsible and accountable, like man, before Allah Almighty, for its deeds, it would have trembled from the fear of it. But how heedless, senseless and thoughtless is the man, who understands the Qur’an, and has known the whole truth through it, yet he is neither seized by any fear nor feels worried as to what answer he would make to his Lord about the responsibilities that have been placed on him.
2. ‘La ilaha illa huwa’. Explain briefly
That is, He is the One besides Whom none else has the rank, position, attributes and powers of Lordship so that he may be worshipped and served as god. None is worthy of worship and obedience except He, the Almighty Allah.
3. Explain what is meant by ‘He is al Malik’
The word al-Malik in its specific sense means Allah alone is the real Sovereign. In its general sense al-Malik also gives the meaning that Allah is King of the entire universe and not of a particular region or of a specific country. His Sovereignty and rule comprehends the entire universe.
He is Master of everything. Everything submits itself to His command and power and authority, and there is nothing to delimit or restrict His Sovereignty.
4. Write a few points on the attributive name al Mumin.
The word al Mu min is derived from amn, which means to secure from fear, and Mu’min is one who provides security to others. Allah has been called Mu’min in the sense that He provides security to His creatures. His creatures are secure from the fear that He would ever wrong them, or deprive them of their rights, or allow their rewards to go to waste, or would violate the promises He has made with them. Since Allah is the Absolute Authority, al-Mu’min also gives the meaning that His security comprehends the entire universe and all that it contains.
5. What do you understand by the phrase ‘ Lahul Asmaa’ul Husna’
Lahul Asmaa’ul Husna means His are the excellent names.
Names imply the adjectives, and “His are the excellent names” means that those adjectives which indicate or express some kind of defect are not appropriate for Him. He should be remembered by those names which express His attributes of Perfection.
In other words, Lahul Asmaa’ul Husna also means that ‘His are the Excellent and the Most Perfect names’.
In the Qur’an these beautiful names of Allah have been mentioned here and there, and in the Hadith 99 names of that Exalted and Pure Being have been enumerated which Timidhi and Ibn Majah have related on the authority of Abu Hurayrah. 

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