بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
اللَّهُ لا إِلَهَ إِلا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ لا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلا نَوْمٌ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الأرْضِ مَنْ ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُ إِلا بِإِذْنِهِ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلا بِمَا شَاءَ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأرْضَ وَلا يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ
Allah, there is no god but He, the living, the Self-subsisting, the Eternal. Neither slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there that can intercede in His presence except As He permits? He knows what (appears to His creatures as) before or after or behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except As He wills. His Throne does extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them, for He is the Most High, the Supreme
I Learn the Aayatul Kursi by heart. Learn its meanings as well.
II. Write the meanings of the given words:
1. لا إِلَهَ No god, None worthy of worship
2. الْحَيُّ – the Living
3. الْقَيُّومُ – the self-subsisting, the Eternal
4. سِنَةٌ – Slumber
5. نَوْمٌ – sleep
6. لَهُ – For Him, His are
7. مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ – whatever is in the heavens
8. الأرْضِ – the earth
9. مَنْ – who
10. يَشْفَعُ – intercede
11. إِلا – except
12. بِإِذْنِهِ with His permission
13. يَعْلَمُ – He knows
14. عِلْمِهِ – His knowledge
15. شَاءَ – He wills
16. وَسِعَ – extends over
17. كُرْسِيُّهُ – His throne
18. حِفْظُهُمَا – preserving them
19. الْعَلِيُّ – the Most High
20. الْعَظِيمُ – the Supreme
III. Answer the following questions
1. What is the meaning of the phrase ‘Aayatul kursi’?
Aayatul Kursi means ‘the verse of the Throne’.
2. What does the word ‘Kursi’ connote?
The word “kursi’ means ‘Throne’ or ‘chair’. It has been used here figuratively as a symbol of power and authority. Even in English, the word chair is used for the seat of power, authority, and government.
3. Explain the phrase “Allah, there is no god but He, the living, the Self-subsisting, the Eternal’.
Though ignorant people might make several gods and set up objects of worship, the fact remains that the whole of creation belongs to the Eternal, Who has no partner whatsoever. He is the living Allah Who sustains the whole universe. He alone is the Master of His kingdom. None else is a partner in His attributes, characteristics, powers and rights. Everything in the heavens and on earth depends on Allah and Allah is independent of Allah, for He is above all needs.
4. Explain in your own words “To Him belongs all things that are in the heavens and on earth”.
He is the Master and Owner of the earth and the heavens and each and everything contained in them, and none else has any part or share in His Ownership, His Authority, His Kingdom, His Sovereignty and His Rule.
Anyone or anything that can be conceived as god will surely be a part of the universe and every part of this universe is Allah’s property and cannot be His partner or rival.
5. What is the meaning of the phrase “Who is there that can intercede in
His presence except As He permits”?
It means none is there that shall intercede with Him except by His permission. This verse refutes the wrong notion of those who are under the delusion that saints, angels, etc., wield great influence with Allah, and they will intercede with Him and force Him to pardon them in the Day of Judgement. They are being warned that no creature of His can stand before Him and intercede for others, not to speak of forcing Allah to pardon them. No prophet, no angel, and no saint will dare utter a word without the permission of the Sovereign
and the Lord of the universe.