SURAH AL-ADIYAT

بسم اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
وَالْعَادِيَاتِ ضَبْحًا (١)

فَالْمُورِيَاتِ قَدْحًا (٢)

فَالْمُغِيرَاتِ صُبْحًا (٣)

فَأَثَرْنَ بِهِ نَقْعًا (٤)

فَوَسَطْنَ بِهِ جَمْعًا (٥)

إِنَّ الإنْسَانَ لِرَبِّهِ لَكَنُودٌ (٦)

وَإِنَّهُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ لَشَهِيدٌ (٧)

وَإِنَّهُ لِحُبِّ الْخَيْرِ لَشَدِيدٌ (٨)

أَفَلا يَعْلَمُ إِذَا بُعْثِرَ مَا فِي الْقُبُورِ (٩)

وَحُصِّلَ مَا فِي الصُّدُورِ (١٠)

إِنَّ رَبَّهُمْ بِهِمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ لَخَبِيرٌ (١١)

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
1. By the charging horses,
2. striking sparks of fire,
3. attacking at dawn,
4. raising a trail of dust,
5. penetrating deep into the midst (of the enemy)!
6. Surely man is ungrateful to His Lord,
7. and surely he himself is witness to that (by his words and deeds);
8. and surely he is passionate in his love for wealth.
9. Does he not know that when the contents of the graves are emptied out,
10. and that which is in the breasts is made known,
11. their Lord will know everything about them on that day?
I Write the meanings of the given words:

1.        و By

2.        الْعَادِيَاتِ – charging

3.        قَدْحًا – fire

4.        صبحا – dawn

5.        نَقْعًا – dust

6.         الإنْسَانَ – man

7.        لِرَبِّهِ – to his Lord

8.        كَنُود – ungrateful

9.        شَهِيدٌ – a witness

10.    حُبِّ – love

11.    الْخَيْرِ – wealth

12.    شَدِيدٌ – passionate

13.    أَفَلا – does he not

14.    يَعْلَمُ – know

15.    الْقُبُورِ – graves

16.    مَا فِي – that which is in

17.    يَوْمَئِذٍ – that day

II. Answer the following questions:

1. In the Qur’an, why Allah adopts the method of swearing by something?

Allah adopts the method of swearing by something because He wants us to believe in what He is saying in the subsequent verses.
2. What is main point for which Allah has sworn by the charging horses?

The oath has been sworn to impress the point that “man is highly ungrateful to his Lord”.
3. How can man himself be a witness to his being ungrateful to his Lord?

Allah has bestowed upon man countless blessings for which he should be grateful to Him. But, in reality, what happens is that man, by his own words and deeds, never acknowledges the blessings of Allah which reveals his ungrateful nature.
4. ‘And surely he is passionate in his love for wealth’. Explain.

This verse tells that man is after money and accumulation of wealth. Man is greedy of wealth. In his passionate love for wealth, man forgets his Lord – Allah – and, as a result, adopts ungrateful attitude towards his Lord.
5.  What do you understand from the last two verses of Surah Al Adiyat?

On the Day of Judgement, all the intentions, aims, ideas, thoughts, and the motives behind deeds that lie hidden in the hearts of men will be exposed and examined in order to sort out the good from the evil.  Allah will fully know as to who is who, and what punishment or reward man deserves. 

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